Sir Edwin Lutyens and His Garden Bench {awesome|amazing|Great|Special}

You may have seen the expertly carved backrests and the signature scrolled armrests but not realized you were looking upon history. The Lutyens garden bench is the work of one genius designer, whose work symbolized the English countryside during the Victorian era. Sir Edwin Lutyens (1869-1944) was one of the greatest British architects of his time. He built commercial building, country homes, monuments and much more. His crowning achievement is considered the Viceroy’s House in New Delhi.

Sir Edwin was not one to be pigeon-holed and never became associated with any specific design school or movement, though he briefly dabbled in and found inspiration from the Arts and Craft movement of the later 19th century. His interest in mathematical intricacy, along with visual puns made people take notice. Surprisingly, his making of furniture was the least known of all his body of work. This is due in large part to the small quantities in which his designs were produced.

These days, it’s rare to find an original Lutyens, as most of the sparse collection has been lost to time. His estate still carries on his name and tradition, though, crafting beautiful pieces with his individual styling in mind. As an homage to the man and his legacy, these are a few of Lutyens garden bench models that best represent his style. They are typically made from English Oak, though other companies will utilize other woods.

Thakeham

One of Lutyens more elaborate benches is the Thakeham garden bench. It was created specifically for a garden at Little Thakeham, near Storrington in West Sussex, England. The extra long bench comprises scrolled, slatted armrests, with delicately carved curves along the top of the backrest. The backrest itself consists of thin slats spaced wide apart and supported in back by three beams. Because it is so long, the bench is supported on either side by two long beams running lengthwise. Unfortunately, over time this form has become disassociated with Lutyens, but his estate remains the only authentic manufacturers of this model.

Hestercombe

The Hestercombe bench represents a collaboration between Lutyens and his colleague, renowed artist, designer and writer Gertrude Jekyll. This garden bench was created for Jekyll’s garden at Hestercombe, in Somerset, England. This bench is the stereotypical marker for Lutyen’s English countryside aesthetic. Unlike some of the other benches, the Hestercombe lacks the scrolled armrests. It does however still have the gracefully curved back. And like the Thakeham, the backrest consists of thin, widely spaced slats, but this time only supported by a single central beam.

Delhi

Another collaboration with Jekyll, the Delhi garden bench was well-liked by Lutyens and used in many of his furniture schemes. Drawing from the Arts and Crafts movement, one can see details like scrolled back and armrests. The armrests and detailing is rounded, with widely spaced slats on the back. The armrests also feature wooden slats.

Lili

Either manufactured for one or two people, the Lili garden bench breaks away from other Lutyens designs. This model was named after Lutyen’s great granddaughter, Lili. Sir Edwin had in mind more modern, yet simpler tastes when he set about creating the Lili bench. This is evident in the more streamlined, but still unique design. By far the most basic of his models, the armrests on this bench are simple, with rounded edges and a single, beveled wood support underneath each side. There are two beams running lengthwise along the legs for support, but the real treat is the backrest. A carved top edge represents yet another curved design on the backrest, with the back supporting a dynamic hatch pattern, rather than the typical parallel slats. Three sections of cutout squares are held together by four wider wooden pieces.



Source by Tonya Kerniva

The Importance of Garage Storage Cabinets {awesome|amazing|Great|Special}

If you want extra storage room in your garage, and let’s face it, who doesn’t, then garage storage cabinets are the simplest solution to organize the overfilled garage. Garage cabinets are very important as they provide a very clean, professional and organized look and give you a place to store all your junk!!

Garage storage cabinets are very important for any garage as they provide the extra storing space that every homeowner needs. Garage storage cabinets are available in a wide range of materials like wood, metal and heavy plastic that can help with storage of heavy items and keep them safe. And I will personally even vouch for some of the heavy plastic items, in saying that if assembled and installed correctly, are probably more sturdy than some of the metal or wood units.

Make sure to get cabinets that are strong enough to store all kinds of tools and equipment that you keep around the house. You should always consider installing cabinets with shelves that are capable of storing equipment that measure up to hundreds of pounds. You can make your cabinets a well-built storage by fastening it together with dovetails joints.

Importance of Garage Storage Cabinets

The importance of well crafted and customized garage storage cabinets cannot be defined. It’s something that you need to experience to know its value and importance! A well installed garage storage system prevents tools and floor from humidity, pests and other destructive agents. A good garage cabinet storage is an asset to your home; make sure to make it in a proper and systematized way. Steel garage storage cabinets not only save your supplies from harm but also cut down the waste and disorder in garage.

On the other hand, hard plastic garage storage cabinets are easy to install, more durable and economical. Once you have proper storage space for tools, you no longer have to hunt for things as they would be stored in the right places. Wrenches, screwdrivers and paint brushes can be stored in shallow compartmentalized drawers or on pegboard hooks instead of large deep drawers as they might get lost there. Tools that are used often can be hung on pegs and stored that way as it saves the hassle of opening the drawers over and over again.

Having properly installed garage storage cabinets is as simple and good as maintaining and keeping your home organized. Not only this, but with garage cabinets you can make your garage a real place to park your car where everything is organized and in order.

Garage Storage has become a necessity for most of us! Just imagine, when your garage door opens for your car, everything in the garage is perfectly placed and all the car accessories are organized.

These days, state of art modular cabinet systems are being made that add style, sophistication as well as strength in modern cabinet designs to transform your garage into a functional room to keep all your extra stuff, leaving the house clean and ordered.

Not only your garage, but these cabinets also provide you a chance to keep your house clean. Now you don’t have to leave your machines, devices and tools lying around. With proper garage cabinetry, all these things can be stored in their rightful places to be found easily whenever you need them!



Source by Nick Garrard

Anatomy of the Banknote {awesome|amazing|Great|Special}

A banknote is a promissory note made by a bank, payable to the owner of the note and is considered legal tender (along with coins). While currency has taken many forms over the course of time, banknotes were first developed in China during the 7th century. The heavy bulk of coin had become cumbersome and unsafe, so the merchants of the Tang Dynasty came up with a sort of receipt that represented coinage. The ‘receipt’ evolved into paper money. It took seven hundred years for the concept of paper money to find its way to Europe, and another three hundred years for bank notes to begin circulating outside of China.

The transition between ‘receipt’ and legal tender was fraught with problems. The first bore nothing more than a picture depicting merchants, and a certain number of coins that corresponded with the amount represented. Printing up bogus copies would have been easy enough for anyone with a printing press. To be clear, in the days of the 7th century, printing presses were not exactly household items. On the other hand merchants, wholesalers and moneylenders made up the wealthier members of society and could definitely afford to source one out. Plus, they would be the most likely people to benefit from making counterfeit promissory notes. Members of the reigning dynasty eventually took over the production of banknotes and the general population began to recognize their usefulness.

Since the bank note first came into use, it has been printed on a variety of materials. Some are predictable, others are not so easy to recognize. The first Chinese banknotes were printed on paper made from mulberry bark. Today, there are some denominations of Japanese banknotes that contain the same material. Wooden bank notes have been used several times in history, and not just paper made from wood – actual pieces of wood.

In Canada, during Pontiac’s Rebellion in 1763, the Hudson’s Bay Company issued wooden bank notes. In Bohemia wood checkerboard pieces were used as banknotes in 1848. Even more curious was the use of playing cards as banknotes several times in history. France, French Canada, the Isle of Man and Germany all have records of playing cards as banknotes. During times of war, when banknotes were hard to come by, it was not uncommon for reigning monarchy to issue banknotes from the battlefield – made of animal skin. For example when Russia still held administrative control of Alaska, banknotes made from sealskin were issued.

Some of the more common materials used for banknotes are linen, abaca, cotton paper and silk. On a global scale, the most common material is either polymer or cotton paper with silk threads embedded into the cotton. Of course, no matter what the base material is, the paper is always made in a manner that makes it more resilient. The banknote needs to be able to resist tearing, smearing, fading and disintegrating in liquid for at least two years. Many mints now infuse the paper with a special formulation of alcohol to give it extra strength. Polymer banknotes are made from biaxially-oriented polypropylene, which is a very thin and pliable plastic.

The biggest benefit of the polymer banknote is its durability. However, when combined with state of the art security features commonly used today, the polymer banknote becomes virtually impervious to counterfeiting. To date, the following countries are the only ones to circulate polymer banknotes: Australia, Bangladesh, Brazil, Brunei, Chile, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Indonesia, Israel, Malaysia, Mexico, Nepal, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Romania, Samoa, Singapore, the Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, and Zambia. Nigeria and Canada have laid out plans to begin issuing polymer banknotes in the near future.

The above list of countries already circulating polymer banknotes omits a few significant nations. The US, the UK, France, Germany, Spain, China and Japan are all world super powers whose currency is traded far and wide but have chosen to incorporate alternative counterfeit protection devices. Watermarks have been included in the banknote making process for many years. They usually bear the image of a national figure pertinent to the history of the country. Security threads are another common security feature. Although a thread in a banknote may look fairly mundane, they are actually quite complicated components. The usually contain fluorescent elements, have metallic features, are magnetic and bear micro printing of national slogans.

The banknote is definitely not what it used to be. From a monochromatic mulberry bark parchment to a multi-colored slip of plastic, the banknote has become a statement of the world’s advancements in technology. Next time you withdraw money from the bank, take a moment to investigate the banknotes. They are more than just a promissory note.



Source by Donald Berger

Easy Way to Set Up a Membership Website {awesome|amazing|Great|Special}

Hearts up to you, if you have decided to set up a membership website. There are lots of methods to do that. Setting up a traditional membership website requires lot of time and effort plus a substantial investment. You can go for less complex membership sites like Fixed-Term Membership sites if you are a beginner to make the most out of your website in a short time.

What Are Fixed-Term Membership (FTM) Websites?

These are membership websites which give a lesson for subscription a particular amount of time. For example, if you become a member in a FTM site which teaches you how to write a book or repair a car, it will provide you certain lessons each week. The website will coach you from the basics of writing or choosing heading until the methods of approaching your publisher and getting it printed in 20 or 30 lessons.

Advantages of FTM Sites

These sites are very much different from the traditional membership sites.

1. First they do not require any complex programming and they can be setup in a very short period of time.

2. Since they cater to the specific needs of a certain group of people, they can concentrate on one subject. They do not have the pressure to meet the versatile needs of various customers.

3. They do not need extensive updating like the traditional websites. Many FTM sites get updated once in a week with one single article.

4. The customers will have a sense of satisfaction that they know A-Z detail about the topic they have subscribed to. You can earn a lot by providing suitable external links and ads on these sites.

5. For example, if it is a FTM site referring to car repair, you can give links to all famous car repair stores and publish the ads of car spare parts store in your website. You can get the ads easily by showing how many subscribers you have.

6. Since the customer pays only one time or twice during the course setting up one recurring billing processor will do. There is no hassle of collecting money every month and the payment being delayed issues.

7. FTM websites are easy to maintain as they are require minimum amount of work. So a person can maintain two or more FTM sites at the same time.

Conclusion

There is no denial that traditional membership websites are a constant source of income when compared to FTM sites. But if you are a beginner and want to get the hang of the business and make some quick bugs, FTM sites are the best way to start. You can always progress to set up traditional membership websites in course of time.

To know more about FTM sites visit our website: Membership Websites



Source by Naga Nandini