Tagged: , DIY , WOODWORKING , BENCH , VISE , HAND , TOOLS , PLANES , BLADES , DRILLS , IN , LLANFAIRPWLLGWYNGYLL
Lee Jesberger is a general contractor. For most folks, 30 years of running a General Contracting business is enough but obviously this man needs no sleep. In addition to his contracting business, he is a master woodworker, writer, webmaster, instructor and inventor of the Ezee-Feed Infeed/Outfeed System.
Lee runs a contracting business that specializes in high-end renovations in Sewell, New Jersey, with his partner in crime, Bruce Driscoll. This dynamic duo is the Batman and Robin of the fine furniture/cabinet making world. I have posted a few of their projects below but you should really view more at their website.
Lee’s typical day begins at the job-site where he calls himself a cabinet/furniture maker. This is an understatement. What he creates are works of art.
He then comes home and works in his backyard shop. Not a simple shed, this “man shack” has(almost), all the professional toys the boy wonder could want. Later into his night, he writes instructional articles and posts projects on his website. Sometime later, perhaps after a midnight coffee break, he works on his side business: The Ezee-Feed Infeed Outfeed System.
The Ezee-Feed Infeed/Outfeed System was created as a result of a need on a large renovation project. Tired of the problems created when using a Roller Stand, Lee created his own handy shop device that provides the same accuracy and ease of use as a sliding table saw BUT, at a fraction of the price. It is designed to enable one person to easily cut/rip sheet goods and rough lumber to measurements under 1/32 thick. This device reduces your physical exertion, while safely and accurately doubling your productivity. See the Ezee-Feed in action; go here now: http://www.ezee-feed.com.
Lee and Bruce embarked on a number of Woodworking shows to promote the Ezee-Feed product. Two somewhat shy guys, posing as marketing professionals, they initially felt like bad used car salesmen. That is until folks began talking to them and realized that they were actually experienced, professional cabinet/furniture makers. Lee and Bruce began talking about their projects and jobs, and woodworkers began asking them questions. The result of those Woodworking Show inquisitions is the website http://www.prowoodworkingtips.com. This free resource for woodworkers is packed full of information like a glossary of woodworking terms, free woodworking plans and tips, and instructions for cabinet door construction. Lee also participates regularly on a woodworkers forum called http://www.lumberjocks.com.
What does Lee find the most satisfying? Working with the client to give them the final product that they want. It’s that “Wow” factor that inspires him to constantly improve his craft. He appreciates the beauty, grace and concern for proportion that 18th century American furniture makers adhered to. “And they accomplished all of this with primitive tools compared to what we use now,” says Lee. “Being a contractor is like being a conductor in an orchestra. You have to bring the entire project together within budget and time constraints. It is often a frustrating job, especially if you end up working with people who aren’t especially competent, but the end result and the clients’ satisfaction are make it all worth while,” says Lee.
Lee’s List of Top Ten Tools:
1. Delta Unisaw
2. Jet cross cut table
3. Ezee-Feed Infeed/Outfeed System
4. 20″ Powermatic planer
5. 18″ Jet Bandsaw
6. Grass inline booring machine for adjustable shelving
7. Blum hinge machine – cuts three holes for European style hinges
8. Ashley Isles carving tools
9. Japanese wood chisels – far superior to Western chisels, laminated plates, incredible tools to work with, some are really works of art.
10. Delta 8″ Joiner
Neiko 10671A Electric Polisher Variable 6-Speed Buffer
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There can’t be too many woodworkers who claim to genuinely enjoy sanding but it’s an integral part of the process.
Large belt sanders are great for smoothing out rough, large surfaces and random orbit sanders work for rough surfaces or finishing work. In today’s BLACK + DECKER KA161BC Mouse review, we’ll be looking at much smaller detail sanders, also know as orbital finishing sanders.
We’ll give you a swift snapshot of the key advantages and drawbacks of the BLACK+DECKER before exploring this nifty tool in a bit more depth…
Innovative base resembling a tear drop helps boosts your control and maneuverability when sanding in tight corners
Base rotates meaning you can extract more life from your sandpaper and eliminate wastage
Incredible value for money offering solid brand heritage at an affordable pricepoint
Work on a range of materials including wood, plastic, glass and metal making this a highly versatile finishing sander
Fit your sandpaper using Velcro so sidestep cumbersome clips completely
Remove and replace tips with ease according to the application
Compact and ultra-light so work for extended periods without fatigue setting in
Simple to apply consistent pressure, essential for first-class finishing results
Generous range of accessories thrown in
Dust extraction adapter included so there’s no excuse not to keep your workshop debris-free
Generates a fair amount of noise so think about where you’ll be working and whether or not this will be problematic
If you’re looking for an all-purpose sander for a broad spread of applications, the BLACK + DECKER KA161BC is not the right tool for the job. If, on the other hand, you’re looking for a specialist piece of kit designed for paint and rust removal, polishing or any light detail sanding, this sander makes a smart choice. You can use it comfortably on a range of materials including wood, plastic, metal or glass.
Weighing in at a fraction under 2 pounds, this neat little sander is perfect to use one-handed without feeling strained even if you’re working for lengthy spells. This sander is not only lightweight but it’s also extremely compact. You’ll be able to happily wield it in one hand and the shape of the teardrop base means you can get into tight spots where other sanders struggle to reach.
Thinking about the base, it rotates so you can make full use of the whole sheet of sandpaper. Just spin the plate around and the unused portion comes into view giving you maximum bang for your buck.
Changing your sandpaper is a cakewalk thanks to the Velcro attachment system. This is particularly useful since you’ll be swapping out the paper frequently when you’re beavering away so you don’t want to waste time and effort with a laborious changing procedure involving cumbersome clips.
If you work on intricate projects for long spells, you’ll appreciate how keeping a trigger depressed can leave you with clawed fingers and it also detracts from your focus on the job at hand. The neat little rocker switch allows for continual operation and lets you use both hands without being compromised. The rubber grip keeps things comfortable while the power cord stretches to almost 10 feet. This should give you ample freedom of movement.
Mouse sanders usually allow you to change the tips depending on what kind of finishing work you’re doing and the BLACK + DECKER is no exception. You’ll even get a free tip thrown in. You’ll also enjoy a few more goodies with 2 foam pads, 10 assorted sanding sheets, a bag and a dust extraction adapter included. At this price point, you really can’t ask for much more than that.
If you’re on the trail of a versatile and super-light finishing sander that’s a cinch to use even if you’ve never sanded before, think long and hard about the BLACK + DECKER KA161BC mouse detail sander.
All you need to do is plug it in and you’ll be up and running straight out the box. This is a supremely user-friendly piece of kit suitable for beginners and advanced woodworkers alike.
Not only is the KA161BC extremely easy on the pocket costing less than a round of drinks, the wealth of accessories mean you’d be hard pressed to find a better value package if you’re looking for a dependable detail sander for precise finishing work.
Drop us a line if you have any power tool related queries or feedback. We love to hear from our readers and we’re very responsive to messages.
Be sure to come back soon for our forthcoming list of the 10 best detail sanders on the market.
BLACK + DECKER KA161BC Mouse Detail Sander with Accessories Review
If you’re looking for an all-purpose sander for a broad spread of applications, the BLACK + DECKER KA161BC is not the right tool for the job
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This article discusses a few types of steel that many wood lathe chisels are made from. There are many different types of steel alloys with a verity of hardness’ and strength. The internet has a huge amount of information on steel, alloys and their use, a little research will always lead to better understanding of the tools you want to buy or make.
What is tool steel and what makes it different that other types of steel? Tool Steel is a specific type of high quality steel made specifically for the production of tools and tooling components. Tool steels are produced in electric melt furnaces and stringent quality standards are upheld to produce the necessary quality. Tool steels are formulated to withstand high pressures and abrasive materials. Typically tool steels are used for shearing, cutting, stamping, and forming of metals and plastics.
There are 3 different tool steels that you will most commonly see associated with wood turning tools, they are 01 steel, M2 steel and PM steel.
O1 tool steel is a low alloy cold work tool steel that must be oil-quenched in heat treatment to create the required hardness. O1 contains small amounts of manganese, tungsten, and chromium, giving O1 adequate toughness for normal tool & die uses. 01 steel is a steel that wood turners can use to make and shape their own tools and then temper the steel to a hardness that will hold a good edge some where between 60 to 65 HRC.
M2 is a higher carbon version of the M1 tool steel (Molybdenum High Speed Tool Steel). The M2 alloy has somewhat better wear resistance than M1. Applications are primarily used for cutting tools and shaping.
PM (Powder metallurgy) is a term covering a wide range of ways in which materials or components are made from metal powders Powder metallurgy is also used to make unique materials impossible to melt or form in other ways. PM Wood Lathe tools are very hard and hold a fine edge usually some where between 67 to 69 HRC. Files will not work on tools of this hardness. HRC is an abbreviation for Rockwell Hardness measured on the C scale.
If you are turning wood on a regular basis you probably have 30 to 40 tools that you use. I Counted the Wood Turning Tools in my collection and there are currently 43 and I am ordering some 01 steel to make Scrapers that I can use to shape long even sides of a turning. The 01 steel allows you the ability to make your own tools, especially tools that fit a specialty turning that only you are doing. It is always good to have a friend who is a metal worker and understands how to machine and temper metals.
There are many ways to acquire wood lathe tools. Buying from a tool supplies is the best way to start wood turning. With a little experience you will know what to look for when acquiring tools. Aside from buying from a tool supplier, watch the garage sales, estate sales and some of the social sites like Craigslist..
Wood turning is fun and enjoyable and even more so when you are able to make you own tools.
An air compressor is a device built to compress or consolidate air inside a tank. Air compressors work fairly similarly to the way our lungs work when we hold our breath and, perhaps, blow up a balloon. The air is pulled and compressed in the tank (like air in our lungs) increasing the air’s pressure and decreasing its volume. When using the tool, the compressed air releases through a hose in a steady, powerful stream – like from our lungs and out of our pursed lips in a bursting stream of air. In compressors, the air pressure inside the tank will continue to increase until it reaches a preset pressure limit. The tool’s pressure limit varies from high to low with the type and size of your compressor. Air compressors also feature a regulator that is set to compliment the specific tool’s and application’s required pressure.
Compresses are used for a variety of purposes from powering pneumatic or power tools (like nailers, and staplers) blowing dust and debris off/out of those power tools, or as an inflation device for tires, flotation devices, and etc. Available in a variety of sizes and capacities, air compressors are versatile and surprisingly long-lasting; a good model could certainly last a lifetime if properly cared for. Using compressor powered pneumatic tools offers a number of benefits; pneumatically powered tools tend to be more brawny than those powered with strictly electricity, they offer greater torque and higher RPM for quick work and rapid firing. Pneumatic tools also offer an environmentally friendly alternative to toxic battery waste.
There are two types of air compressor, gas or electric, but each of these types is available with a few variations. Some compressors are small and portable, others are very large and stationary – the amount of power your compressor has generally coincides with its size. These large, stationary compressors are best suited for industrial applications and can be used by more that one person simultaneously. Compressors also vary from single stage to two stages; a two stage motor has the ability to change speeds during more constant and rigorous actions – essentially a two stage motor works harder when you need it to. Lastly, some compressors require oil lubrication while others run entirely without oil. Oil lubricated compressors tend to run more quietly; they do, however, require oil changes, operation on a flat, level surface, and may release an oil mist into the air which is highly ill-suited for applications like painting. Although many craftsmen prefer to use oil-lubed compressors because they tend to last longer and run quieter (as with any other type) they may not be practical for some applications.
Gas powered compressors are optimal on jobsites or construction zones that have not yet been outfitted with electrical power. These compressors provide the power and speed of pneumatic tools without the need for power cords or electricity. Gas compressors must, however, be used in open and well ventilated areas. Electric compressors are generally the best choice for home and shop use. They tend to run more quietly and don’t stink up the joint, if you will, with a gas motor.
Keeping your air compressor well maintained will truly determine how long your compressor will keep on kicking. There are a few simple steps to ensuring your compressor remains in optimal condition, and you certainly won’t regret the time you spend caring for your tool. The compression that occurs in the air tanks of your compressor causes moisture to accumulate inside those tanks. That moisture, in turn, runs the risk of rusting out the tanks, and potentially destroying a paint mixture (if used with a paint sprayer). On the bottom of the compressor there is a moisture release valve; it is crucial to release this valve with every use, this should prevent rust or other water damage. An in-line filter can also be be purchased for any compressor to eliminate water mist in your air lines.
Its important to inspect your compressors; periodically check and tighten any fasteners, make sure your air filters are running clean and replace them when necessary, check your hoses often for breaks, cracks, or leaks and be prepared to replace them when needed as well. Its also important to be certain that the compressors safety valve is functional. The safety valve (either automatically or manually) releases air should the compressor become over-pressurized; a vital feature, so be sure its operational or have it repaired. If you have an oil-lubed compressor, check the oil levels before each use to make sure the tool is properly lubricated. Change the oil as the manufacturer recommends. As far as cleanliness is concerned, its always beneficial to keep all your tools clean as a whistle and especially important to keep the compressor’s intake vents clean and clear. If you have a gas compressor you may also consider periodically cleaning the fuel tank for good measure.
A good compressor is a superior tool, and can truly take the edge off a jobsite or home-repair project. With unmatched speed and power a compressor and their partnering pneumatic tools will change the way you build. Love your compressor, purchase the model that best suits you, keep it well-maintained, and your compressor will work as hard as you do.
Castell Coch (s a 19th-century Gothic Revival castle built above the village of Tongwynlais in South Wales. The first castle on the site was built by the Normans after 1081, to protect the newly conquered town of Cardiff and control the route along the Taff Gorge. Abandoned shortly afterwards, the castle’s earth motte was reused by Gilbert de Clare as the basis for a new stone fortification, which he built between 1267 and 1277 to control his freshly annexed Welsh lands. This castle was likely destroyed in the native Welsh rebellion of 1314. In 1760, the castle ruins were acquired by John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute, as part of a marriage settlement that brought the family vast estates in South Wales.
John Crichton-Stuart, the 3rd Marquess of Bute, inherited the castle in 1848. One of Britain’s wealthiest men, with interests in architecture and antiquarian studies, he employed the architect William Burges to reconstruct the castle, "as a country residence for occasional occupation in the summer", using the medieval remains as a basis for the design. Burges rebuilt the outside of the castle between 1875 and 1879, before turning to the interior; he died in 1881 and the work was finished by Burges’s remaining team in 1891. Bute reintroduced commercial viticulture into Britain, planting a vineyard just below the castle, and wine production continued until the First World War. The Marquess made little use of his new retreat and in 1950 his grandson, the 5th Marquess of Bute, placed it into the care of the state. It is now controlled by the Welsh heritage agency Cadw.
Castell Coch’s external features and the High Victorian interiors led the historian David McLees to describe it as "one of the greatest Victorian triumphs of architectural composition." The exterior, based on 19th-century studies by the antiquarian George Clark, is relatively authentic in style, although its three stone towers were adapted by Burges to present a dramatic silhouette, closer in design to mainland European castles such as Chillon than native British fortifications. The interiors were elaborately decorated, with specially designed furniture and fittings; the designs include extensive use of symbolism drawing on classical and legendary themes. Joseph Mordaunt Crook wrote that the castle represented "the learned dream world of a great patron and his favourite architect, recreating from a heap of rubble a fairy-tale castle which seems almost to have materialised from the margins of a medieval manuscript."
The surrounding beech woods contain rare plant species and unusual geological features and are protected as a Site of Special Scientific Interest.
The first castle on the Castell Coch site was probably built after 1081, during the Norman invasion of Wales. It formed one of a string of eight fortifications intended to defend the newly conquered town of Cardiff and control the route along the Taff Gorge. It took the form of a raised, earth-work motte, about 35 metres (115 ft) across at the base and 25 metres (82 ft) on the top, protected by the surrounding steep slopes. The 16th-century historian Rice Merrick claimed that the castle was built by the Welsh lord Ifor ap Meurig, but there are no records of this phase of the castle’s history and modern historians doubt this account. The first castle was probably abandoned after 1093 when the Norman lordship of Glamorgan was created, changing the line of the frontier.
In 1267, Gilbert de Clare, who held the Lordship of Glamorgan, seized the lands around the town of Senghenydd in the north of Glamorgan from their native Welsh ruler. Caerphilly Castle was built to control the new territory and Castell Coch—strategically located between Cardiff and Caerphilly—was reoccupied. A new castle was built in stone around the motte, comprising a shell-wall, a projecting circular tower, a gatehouse and a square hall above an undercroft. The north-west section of the walls was protected by a talus and the sides of the motte were scarped to increase their angle, all producing a small but powerful fortification. Further work followed between 1268 and 1277, which added two large towers, a turning-bridge for the gatehouse and further protection to the north-west walls.
On Gilbert’s death, the castle passed to his widow Joan and around this time it was referred to as Castrum Rubeum, Latin for "the Red Castle", probably after the colour of the Red sandstone defences. Gilbert’s son, also named Gilbert, inherited the property in 1307. He died at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314, triggering an uprising of the native Welsh in the region. Castell Coch was probably destroyed by the rebels in July 1314, and possibly slighted to put it beyond any further use; it was not rebuilt and the site was abandoned.
Castell Coch remained derelict; the antiquarian John Leland, visiting around 1536, described it as "all in ruin, no big thing but high". The artist and illustrator Julius Caesar Ibbetson painted the castle in 1792, depicting substantial remains and a prominent tower, with a lime kiln in operation alongside the fortification. Stone from the castle may have been robbed and used to feed the kilns during this period. A similar view was sketched by an unknown artist in the early 19th century, showing more trees around the ruins; a few years later, Robert Drane recommended the site as a place for picnics and noted its abundance in wild garlic.
The ruins were acquired by the Earls of Bute in 1760, when John Stuart, the 3rd Earl and, from 1794, the 1st Marquess, married Lady Charlotte Windsor, adding her estates in South Wales to his inheritance. John’s grandson, John Crichton-Stuart, developed the Cardiff Docks in the first half of the 19th century; although the docks were not especially profitable, they opened opportunities for the expansion of the coal industry in the South Wales valleys, making the Bute family extremely wealthy. The 2nd Marquess carried out exploration for iron ore at Castell Coch in 1827 and considered establishing an ironworks there.
The 3rd Marquess of Bute, another John Crichton-Stuart, inherited the castle and the family estates as a child in 1848. On his coming of age, Bute’s landed estates and industrial inheritance made him one of the wealthiest men in the world. He had a wide range of interests including archaeology, theology, linguistics and history. Interest in medieval architecture increased in Britain during the 19th century, and in 1850 the antiquarian George Clark surveyed Castell Coch and published his findings, the first major scholarly work about the castle. The ruins were covered in rubble, ivy, brushwood and weeds; the keep had been largely destroyed and the gatehouse was so covered with debris that Clark failed to discover it. Nonetheless, Clark considered the external walls "tolerably perfect" and advised that the castle be conserved, complete with the ivy-covered stonework.
In 1871, Bute asked his chief Cardiff engineer, John McConnochie, to excavate and clear the castle ruins. The report on the investigations was produced by William Burges, an architect with an interest in medieval architecture who had met Bute in 1865. The Marquess subsequently employed him to redevelop Cardiff Castle in the late 1860s, and the two men became close collaborators. Burges’s lavishly illustrated report, which drew extensively on Clark’s earlier work, laid out two options: either conserve the ruins or rebuild the castle to create a house for occasional occupation in the summer. On receipt of the report, Bute commissioned Burges to rebuild Castle Coch in a Gothic Revival style.
The reconstruction of Castell Coch was delayed until 1875, because of the demands of work at Cardiff Castle and an unfounded concern by the Marquess’s trustees that he was facing bankruptcy. On commencement, the Kitchen Tower, Hall Block and shell wall were rebuilt first, followed by the Well Tower and the Gatehouse, and the Keep Tower last. Burges’s drawings for the proposed rebuilding survive at the Bute seat of Mount Stuart. The drawings were supplemented by a large number of wooden and plaster models, from smaller pieces to full-size models of furniture.
The bulk of the external work was complete by the end of 1879. The result closely followed Burges’s original plans, with the exception of an additional watch tower intended to resemble a minaret, and some defensive timber hoardings, both of which were not undertaken. Clark continued to advise Burges on historical aspects of the reconstruction and the architect tested the details of proposed features, such as the drawbridge and portcullis, against surviving designs at other British castles.
Burges’s team of craftsmen at Castell Coch included many who had worked with him at Cardiff Castle and elsewhere. John Chapple, his office manager, designed most of the furnishings and furniture, and William Frame acted as clerk of works. Horatio Lonsdale was Burges’s chief artist, painting extensive murals at the castle. His main sculptor was Thomas Nicholls, together with another long-time collaborator, the Italian sculptor Ceccardo Fucigna.
Stimulated by antiquarian writings about British viticulture, Bute decided to reintroduce commercial grape vines into Britain in 1873. He sent his gardener Andrew Pettigrew to France for training and planted a 1.2-hectare (3-acre) vineyard just beneath the castle in 1875. The first harvests were poor and the initial harvest in 1877 produced only 240 bottles. Punch magazine claimed that any wine produced would be so unpleasant that "it would take four men to drink it—two to hold the victim and one to pour the wine down his throat". By 1887, the output was 3,000 bottles of sweet white wine of reasonable quality. Bute persevered, commercial success followed and 40 hogsheads of wine, including a red varietal using Gamay grapes, were produced annually by 1894 to positive reviews.
Burges died in 1881 after catching a severe chill during a site visit to the castle. His brother-in-law, the architect Richard Pullan, took over the commission and delegated most of the work to Frame, who directed the work on the interior until its completion in 1891. Bute and his wife Gwendolen were consulted over the details of the interior decoration; replica family portraits based on those at Cardiff were commissioned to hang on the walls. Clark approved of the result, commenting in 1884 that the restoration was in "excellent taste". An oratory originally built on the roof of the Well Tower was removed before 1891 but in other respects the completed castle was left unaltered.
The castle was not greatly used; the Marquess rarely visited after its completion. The property had probably only been intended for limited, informal use, for example as a retreat following picnics. Although it had reception rooms suitable for large gatherings, it had only three bedrooms and was too far from Cardiff for casual visits. The restored castle initially received little interest from the architectural community, possibly because the total rebuilding of the castle ran counter to the increasingly popular late-Victorian philosophy of conserving older buildings and monuments.
Bute died in 1900 and his widow, the Marchioness, was given a life interest in Castell Coch; during her mourning, she and her daughter, Lady Margaret Crichton-Stuart, occupied the castle and made occasional visits thereafter. Production in the castle vineyards ceased during the First World War due to the shortages of the sugar needed for the fermentation process, and in 1920 the vineyards were uprooted. John, the 4th Marquess, acquired the castle in 1932 but made little use of it. He also began to reduce the family’s investments in South Wales. The coal trade had declined after 1918 and industry had suffered during the depression of the 1920s; by 1938, the great majority of the family interests, including the coal mines and docks, had been sold off or nationalised.
The 5th Marquess of Bute, another John, succeeded in 1947 and, in 1950, he placed the castle in the care of the Ministry of Works. The Marquess also disposed of Cardiff Castle, which he gave to the city, removing the family portraits from the castle before doing so. In turn, the paintings in Castell Coch were removed by the ministry and sent to Cardiff, the National Museum of Wales providing alternatives from their collection for Castell Coch. Academic interest in the property grew, with publications in the 1950s and 1960s exploring its artistic and architectural value.
Since 1984, the property has been administered by Cadw, an agency of the Welsh Government, and is open to the public; it received 69,466 visitors in 2011. The Drawing Room is available for wedding ceremonies. The castle has also been used as a location for filming.
The castle’s exposed position causes it to suffer from penetrating damp and periodic restoration work has been necessary. The stone tiles on the roof were replaced by slate in 1972, a major programme was carried out on the Keep in 2007 and interior conservation work was undertaken in 2011 to address problems in Lady Bute’s Bedroom, where damp had begun to damage the finishings.
The original furnishings, many of which the Marquess removed in 1950, have mostly been recovered and returned to their original locations in the castle. Two stained-glass panels from the demolished chapel, lost since 1901, were rediscovered at an auction in 2010 and were bought by Cadw for £125,000 in 2011
The castle comprises three circular towers—the Keep, the Kitchen Tower and the Well Tower—along with the Hall Block, the Gatehouse and a shell wall; the buildings almost entirely encase the original motte in stone. The older parts of the castle are constructed from crudely laid red sandstone rubble and grey limestone, the 19th-century additions in more precisely cut red Pennant sandstone. A ditch is cut out of the rock in front of the Gatehouse and leads to an eastern approach road. The castle is surrounded by woodland and the 19th-century vineyards below it have been converted into a golf course. In 1850, George Clark recorded an "outer court" of which nothing remains; this may, in fact, have been the traces of the earlier lime kiln operations around the site.
The Gatehouse is reached across a wooden bridge, incorporating a drawbridge. Burges intended the bridge to copy those of medieval castles, which he believed were designed to be easily set on fire in the event of attack. The Gatehouse was fitted with a wooden defensive bretèche and, above the entrance, Burges sited a portcullis and a glazed statue of the Madonna and Child sculpted by Ceccardo Fucigna.
The Keep is 12 metres (39 ft) in diameter with a square, spurred base; in the 13th century there would have been an adjacent turret, on the south-west side, containing latrines, but few traces remain. There is no evidence that the tower that Burges termed a keep would have fulfilled this function in the medieval period and he appears to have chosen the name because of his initial decision to locate the bedrooms of Lord and Lady Bute in the rebuilt tower. The Kitchen Tower is also 12 metres (39 ft) across and rests on a square, spurred base. It was originally two storeys high and contained the medieval kitchen; Burgess raised its height and gave it a conical roof and chimneys. The walls of these two towers are around 3.0 metres (10 ft) thick at the base, thinning to 0.61 metres (2 ft) at the top. The Well Tower at 11.5 metres (38 ft) in diameter is slightly narrower than the Keep or Kitchen Tower, with a well in its lowest chamber sunk into the ground. The Well Tower lacks the spurs of the other two towers and has a flat rather than curved back, facing onto the courtyard, similar to some of the towers built at Caerphilly by the de Clares.
The towers contribute to what the architectural writer Charles Handley-Read considered the castle’s "sculptural and dramatic exterior".Almost equal in diameter, but of differing conical roof designs and heights, and topped with copper-gilt weather vanes, they combine to produce a romantic appearance, which Matthew Williams described as bringing "a Wagnerian flavor to the Taff Valley".
The design of the towers was influenced by the work of the contemporary French architect Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, including his restorations of Carcassone and the châteaus of Aigle and Chillon. While the exterior of Castell Coch is relatively true to English 13th-century medieval design—albeit heavily influenced by the Gothic Revival movement—the inclusion of the conical roofs, which more closely resemble those of fortifications in France or Switzerland than Britain, is historically inaccurate. Although he mounted a historical defence (see box), Burges chose the roofs mainly for architectural effect, arguing that they appeared "more picturesque", and to provide additional room for accommodation in the castle.
The three towers lead into a small oval courtyard that sits on the top of the motte, about 19.5 metres (64 ft) across lengthways. Cantilevered galleries and wall-walks run around the inside of the courtyard with neat and orderly woodwork; the historian Peter Floud critiqued it as "perhaps too much like the backcloth for an historical pageant". Burges reconstructed the shell wall that runs along the north-west side of the courtyard 0.99 metres (3 ft 3 in) thick, complete with arrow holes and a battlement.
The Keep, the Well Tower and the Kitchen Tower incorporate a series of apartments, of which the main sequence, the Castellan’s Rooms, lies within the Keep. The Hall, the Drawing Room, Lord Bute’s Bedroom and Lady Bute’s Bedroom form a suite of rooms that exemplify the High Victorian Gothic style of 19th century Britain. Unlike the exterior of the castle, which deliberately imitated the architecture of the 13th century, the interior was purely High Victorian in style. On Burges’s decoration of Cardiff Castle and Castell Coch, Handley-Read wrote: "I have yet to see any High Victorian interiors from the hand, very largely, of one designer, to equal either in homogeneity or completeness, in quality of execution or originality of conception the best of the interiors of the Welsh castles. For sheer power of intoxication, Burges stand[s] unrivalled.
Tagged: , Castle , Catsell Goch
The only natural material for building boats is wood. There are various designs in the art of wooden boat building. The techniques for building wooden boats depends on the type of boat, the technique and procedure for making day sailors is different from the one used for construction of powerboats, cruising boats, or performance rows among several others.
Likewise, depending on the type of boat you want to build, you have an option of choosing from a large variety of timbers.
Since wood is known to retain moisture which encourages growth of fungal spores and eventual decay, you need to protect the timber you will use to put your boat together with coatings and quality preservatives.
Different types of trees produce varying qualities of timber. It is therefore important to understand the options before picking any type of timber for construction of your boat.
This type of wood is ideal for construction of a boat intended for use at sea.
You don’t have to worry too much about protecting it with preservatives, the sea water will effectively perform that task.
However, fresh water will rot it away if is not properly protected. So if you intend to sail it on fresh water, apply preservative and coating to the timber.
If you can get sea water, wash the wood in it.
They take long growth time, slowly tightening their grains. They are therefore known for their strength and length.
Owing to these qualities, they are the most commonly used type of timber in wooden boat building.
Teak and Iroko
They don’t wear out easily because they contain silica. Moreover, they are not affected by rot and decay.
These characteristics entice boat makers into including them in most of their boat plans.
They are mainly used for construction of spars, masts, oars, rubbing stakes and planked hulls.
This is because their grain is long and straight. It is also more widely spaced since they have a faster growth than that of hardwood.
How To Build A Timber Boat: Simple Steps to Follow
One of the most important things to remember before beginning to build a timber boat is that the number of ribs determines the length of the boat.
Therefore, the more ribs your boat has, the longer it is. The less the ribs you fit to it, the shorter it will be.
To get the ribs, first steam straight spruce stock. Then bend and laminate them.
Place them in a jig and pull them so that they take the shape of the boat-making mould. Finally leave them to dry.
After they are dry, remove the ribs and put epoxy between the ribs, then wrap everything in plastic. This prevents it from sticking.
To enable the setting of the epoxy, put the ribs back in the mould and hold them tight with clamps.
Screw the ribs to the bottom-board and fit a stretcher assembly inside the boat as well as below the boat. This is done by clamping and then screwing in order to keep the ribs in place.
Remember, this is temporary since you’ll not need the stretcher after the strips are put in place.
Attach a laminated stem to every side of the boat and fit the first strip and keep fitting more until the hull is completely planked.
When the boat is planked, scrape and sand it until you are satisfied that the job is properly done. Then fill the screw holds and sand more.
Dry-fit a fiber-glass cloth to one side of the boat and apply epoxy from the middle towards the ends. Perform the same procedure with the other side.
Fit the end of the boats with the cloth after cutting it.
The fiberglass cloth is now stuck to the hull on your boats exterior. When dry, repeat the scraping and sanding procedure.
Then apply another two coats of epoxy, filling the fiberglass cloth weaves.
Since you are now done with your boats exterior, it’s time to do some sanding on the interior.
Fit the seats and seat risers when sufficient sanding is done. Then remove them and apply epoxy. This time you can leave out fiberglass cloth.
Apply 3 coats of spar varnish. Remember to ensure that the epoxy has cured well. Additionally, ensure that there is no dust.
Your boat plans have now been put into practice and you are ready to set sail. Remember, wooden boat building will take you approximately 2 months.
Keeping your boat floated on sea water is better than leaving it fresh water. If you are storing the boat on your yard, keep it above ground and cover it to prevent damage from bad weather and allow air circulation.
So another DIY project completed. This is a Nightmare Before Christmas Jigsaw Puzzle that is produce by Teyno, a Japanese company. The pieces are stain glass like and quite unusual. Finished this and then decided to make a custom wood frame from old scrapes mounting the puzzle to hang in the window as stain glass.
Tagged: , Jack Skeleton , Nightmare Before Christmas , Butrton , Jack , Pumpkin King , jigsaw , Jigsaw Puzzle , Japanese Art , Stain Glass , DIY , woodwork , framing
Just picture this for a moment, you just bought your third used lawn mower and you are storing them under a tree in the back yard. So the engines will not be destroyed by the elements you are using 5 gallon buckets to cover them. The wife had enough of this and she demanded to get rid of the lawn mowers or find a place to put them. Of course you could not get rid of them because you were going to use parts from all 3 to create a good one. Right after you tell your buddy about this dilemma he suggested purchasing a wood shed building kit.
Are you ready to hear the first great reason to purchase one of these handy dandy kits? The best reason I can divulge to you at this time is the reason of time savings. Everyone says time is money right? Well with a wood shed building kit you can go from zero to shed on your property in about a week’s time. All the lumber and materials are laid out for you, and in some cases they are already pre-cut, yes I said pre-cut! That is great for all of us that are mechanically challenged. Of course it always helps to have a friend or two there to get the job done faster.
Okay, you are probably thinking what else could possibly make these wood shed building kits so wonderful. These kits come with full easy to read and use directions. You don’t have to wonder which board goes where or on what side of what. It’s all laid out there in black and white. So you can concentrate on actually building your structure instead of just reading about it. This is so great for people who need it in black and white and don’t want to deviate from any plans.
You will begin to notice how easy this is as you begin to get into this project. In this case money saved is money earned. The last reason you would want to buy this type of shed kit would be to have piece of mind knowing that if you screw up with material ordering or assembly it is not going to be your fault. So your wife can breathe a sigh of relief, no wasted boards just leaning up against the trees. Very little scrap and very little waste with these types of wood shed building kits.
Aren’t you glad you used one of these shed kits now? I bet everyone wished they had used one of these at some point. When you are all done with the wood shed the wife can shove all 3 of the lawn mowers in there no problem. You know I almost forgot. There is going to be some painting involved in finishing the project. So, if painting is not your thing, you can either rent one of those paint sprayers or hire someone to finish the painting for you. Either way, you can have the shed of your dreams up in no time.
I have been tagged few times:-)
Well is my turn to tell you about me,
1 Love to smile and tell jokes all the time:-)
2 I been on my own at age 14 when my dear Mom got very ill
raising 3 kids on her own since my father which was Captain in
army left us without ever supporting us, so the Lord took her to her resting place,
3 At the age of 11 I started my career in baking and at the same time started to learn
other foreign languages, at that time I spoke Greek and Turkish fluently,
I work at the bakery from 5 am to 10 pm with 2 hours lunch break and made
75 cents a week 7 days a week,
4 At the age of 15 I joint the Merchant marines and traveled all over the world,
5 love eclectic music and love to play classical Guitar harmonica piano and Greek Bouzouki (just for my own pleasure)
6 I love collecting all types of things but mostly antiques,
7 There is nothing I can’t do in baking, ever since I was a kid I loved to bake,
I worked in Greek Italian French German American middle eastern and Jewish baking,
8 My hobbies are many, love woodworking, woodcarving, woodturning, I love to built furniture
also to things in stone mosaics,
9 My love for gardening is great as I spend my days tending the garden and pond
10 I love pets, ever since I was a little boy always had dogs, I now have Koi fish 2 cats
Phil ad Lara, my beautiful Zuzu! female Solomon Island red sided Eclectus Parrot,
11 I do all my renovations at home from tiles to painting electrical plumbing and anything needs repairing,
12 I am easy to learn and have this uncanny ability to remember,
you only need to show me once and its done, don’t challenge me you are going to lose…LOL
13 My best attribute is giving everything I can from stopping on the road to help a person stuck with a car problem
to make thing and give them away and never say no, you don’t need to ask twice of me for help,
maybe this is my downfall not knowing how to say no to people, relatives friends or even strangers,
14 I love salvage different material and the smallest pieces of wood for later use,
15 As I have many hobbies my best one at this moment is Photography,
16 I left this for last because it is very special to me I love my family!
and the only person in the whole world that I simply cannot live without is my wife.
I met her when she was 17, I am lost without her, we always do things together and
I never stay mad at her more then 5 minutes, as she is very forgiving herself, Thats called unconditional Love!
Now I have to pick 16 other:-( I hope you guys don’t get mad at me:-)
Tagged: , Park , snow , pond , sunset , Huntington , Long Island , New York , #338
You don’t have to be a kid to appreciate wooden chests. Wooden chests are fun pieces of furniture, and building them is even more enjoyable. In fact, chest woodworking projects are an excellent way to start your woodworking hobby. They are fairly easy to construct and they do not require a lot of materials. Your creativity an also go full swing as you are not restricted to particular schemes or styles when it comes to chest woodworking You can try your hand on creating a wacky pirate treasure box or an ‘antique’ cherry chest.
However, chest woodworking projects still vary in complexity so make sure you choose one appropriate to your skill level. Good woodworking plans usually state the level of difficulty and that’s the first thing you should take a look at. Here’s more:
The beauty of a chest woodworking project is that you get to play around with the design. It would be fun to choose ornamental hinges and front clasps. Handles would also be a good addition as it will make it easy to move the chest around when needed. A good woodworking plan should include suggestions on ornamental additions, finishing and general design patterns, if any.
Bill of Materials
Materials for chest woodworking vary greatly. You can make one out of plywood, pine, cedar or cherry. Just make sure there is a detailed cutting list. Another point is that some wooden chests are constructed without nailing the boards or pieces of wood. Some woodworkers prefer wood glue. But there are instances when you cannot do away with screwing the pieces together. Good chest woodworking plans have detailed lists of materials.
The Control Mechanism Feature
Wooden chests have two major parts; the base and the lid. A good woodworking plan would involve instructions on installing a control mechanism, like a simple chain inside the chest to prevent the lid from swinging too far out and causing damage to the hinges.
Dovetail joints, biscuit joints, tongue and grove – these might be things an expert woodworker can accomplish without a sweat. But not everyone could. Good chest woodworking plans do not necessarily have to initiate you to woodworking jargon (you should learn them eventually, if you are a true-blue woodworking enthusiast); instead they should be clear and should provide step by step instructions.
Since these storage units are easy to construct, you won’t find yourself in a lot of frustrating moments that is often the case with more complicated projects like dining tables and outhouses. What better way to boost your woodworking skills than by working on something you can actually finish, and enjoy while doing so.