How to Become a Bartender – Top 10 Characteristics of Great Bartenders

Bartending is one of the most coveted position of the blue collar professions, which is why it isn’t always easy to get in. For starters, you’ll need to make sure you possess the right characteristics and skills or you can forget it. Just being aware of them can help you improve in each area so you can better your chance at getting your foot in the door. Let’s take a look:

1. Personality – It keeps them coming back again and again. Think of yourself as a theatre performer. People go out to bars in for the possibility of finding something that they don’t find at work every day. Do you know why personality is so important to bar owners and managers? Because the bar takes on the personality of the bartenders. Dull bartenders = dull bar. Enthusiastic, entertaining bartenders = busy bar.

2. Knowledge – It’s simple: if you don’t know the drinks, you’re just a jackass with a cool job and a bottle opener.

3. Attentiveness – Attention to details, such as placing a bar napkin under each drink, clearing off empty glasses, and keeping guests drinks full is all about paying attention and giving supreme customer service. Imagine yourself as a personal assistant to someone very important. Every detail counts.

4. Memory – In a fast-paced, high-volume environment, you’d better be able to remember multiple drink orders so you can get them out efficiently or you will have a lot of angry guests, not to mention an unhappy bar manager.

5. Speed and Efficiency – If you have a great memory but you have no multi-tasking ability, the memory does you little good. Guests want their drinks NOW!

6. Personal Grooming – Whether the bar you work for requires full uniforms or if you are allowed to wear a t-shirt and jeans, make sure you are clean and look sharp. This isn’t a John Wayne movie. No one wants a dusty, sloppy bartender any more than they want to watch a John Wayne movie.

7. Endurance – Bartending is a job that requires both mental and physical stamina. Not only do you have to know all the drinks and deal with drunken buffoons, you are often on your feet 6-10 hours per shift, depending on the hours of operation. It can wear you down if you’re not prepared.

8. Good Cash Handling and Math Skills – You are part of a team back there, so if you have problems handling cash, the other bartenders will not be happy at all. Also, good math skills allow you to add up drink prices in your head so you can call out the total to guests before you even have to ring it in. Efficiency, efficiency, efficiency.

9. A Thick Skin – Remember, you are dealing with drunks all night long. Never take anything personal, and once your shift is over, leave it at the bar. Don’t brood over a bad tip or the cheapskate who gave it to you for the next three days. It’s pointless, and you won’t survive.

10. Eye-Contact, A Great Smile and a Firm Handshake – Those three things will take you a long way in building a clientele of regulars, not top mention the best shifts from the manager.

Source by Dave Allred

What’s in Your Bug Out Bag or 72 Hour Kit?

My Bug Out Bag

The Bag

Having served in the Territorial Army and being in the Cadet forces when I was younger I have kept that theme by using a British Army Bergan as my main bug out bag. It holds 100litres in the main compartment which means I have plenty of room for extra clothes and equipment as well as plenty of water. The pack is comfortable, lightweight and extremely hard wearing and I have no trouble carrying it around for a long period of time.

My favourite part of this bag is the fact that I can detach the side pockets and use them as a day pack if I need to.


I carry two types of water bottle with me and a total of 5 litres. This sounds a lot but I would prefer to be prepared and carry too much than not have enough. My main water carrier is a 3 litre Camelbak Antidote Reservoir which means I can drink on the move. I have always liked these types of water carriers and the recent innovations have meant that they no longer give the water a taste of plastic. The wide fill port means that I can fill it from the tap, hosepipes or even a stream very quickly if required.

I also carry two 58 pattern military water bottles which I forgot to give back after leaving the TA, these each hold roughly 1 litre and fit snug in the front pockets of my Bergan.

Along with the bottles I also carry water purification tablets in case I need to fill the bottles from a stream or other water source. These are good but they make everything taste of chlorine so I usually prefer to boil all water that I am going to drink.


My favourite subject. When I am in the outdoors I like to be comfortable so I have put a lot of thought into the food I take with me for my initial days outdoors as well as some essentials to make things taste a little better.

A lot of people advocate freeze dried or dehydrated food as it is lightweight and lasts forever; myself I prefer boil in the bag meals. My reasons?

They taste better

They can be eaten cold

They last for ages

There is a huge number of choices

One of my main bug bears of dehydrated food is that you have to carry extra water to eat them. This completely negates the weight you might save and although you need to use water to heat up the boil in the bag meals, you can reuse the water for a brew afterwards.

For this reason I carry three British Army 24 hour ration packs. These each add up to 4000 calories and include three main meals plus a desert as well as high energy drinks, snacks, hot drinks and most importantly boiled sweets. Here is a list of the food one of my current packs contains.

1 x Tomato Pasta Salad

1 x Spaghetti Bolognese

1 x Muesli – Fruitful

1 x Rice Pudding

1 x Isotonic Drink Powder Orange (Slzgr)

1 x Hot Chocolate Regular

1 x Isotonic Drink Powder Exotic

1 x Isotonic Drink Powder Cherry

1 x ED Powder Apple

1 x Beef Jerky Original

1 x Boiled Sweets Cherry

1 x peanut Butter

1 x Fruit Puree Kiwi /Passion Fruit/Apple

1 x Just Fruit 1 x Menthol Chewing Gum (2x)

1 x Bar Castus Pear

1 x Ginger Crunch

1 x Caramel Bar

4 x Wet Wipes (each)

1 x Tissues (10x)

1 x Teabags (each)

1 x Tabasco Green

1 x Sugar Sticks

1 x Spoon

1 x Coffee Sticks

6 x Bev. Whitener Sachets

Even though these are 24 hour ration packs they can be stretched to last longer.

Food Preparation

To heat up the water for my food and hot drinks I have a multi fuel stove. This means that when I am out of fuel I can use whatever I find, such as white gas, paraffin, and unleaded petrol. My stove (an MSR Whisperlite) is lightweight and boils water in around 4 -5 minutes depending on the fuel used. I have tried a number of different stoves in the past including Jetboil gas stoves and feel that this one fits my needs perfectly.

To cook my food in as well as make hot drinks I use a metal mug which fits onto my 58 pattern water bottles. I can boil my meals in the bags they come in, and then stick a teabag into the boiled water and have a nice hot drink afterwards. When it comes to actually eating my food I have a titanium spoon which is sharpened on one side for cutting food up.

On top of these things I bring a fire lighter and some solid fuel blocks to make fire lighting easier if I have to start a fire.


The clothing I have is both lightweight and warm as well as keeping me cool. As with all outdoor activities it is important to use a layering system to regulate your body temperature. This is what I take with me

2 xLightweight Long Sleeve Shirt

2 x Convertible (Zip-Off) Pants

Underwear and thermals

Wool Hiking Socks (Qty 3 pair)

Medium Weight Fleece

Down Jacket or buffalo shirt


Working Gloves

Rain Jacket

Poncho – can double as emergency shelter


Shelter and Sleeping Equipment

Once again I like to be comfortable when outdoors but I know this isn’t always possible. My bug out bag just contains a sleeping bag, a bivvie bag, and a tarp for cover which I have attached bungee chord to so that I can tie it to a tree. The idea behind this lightweight sleeping system is that I can take it out and get my head down quickly especially if I am tired. It also means that I can sleep wherever I like from a barn to a forest floor.

My sleeping bag is a snugpak softie elite 2 which is comfortable down to 2 degrees and is very lightweight and packs down to a tiny size. When packing my sleeping system together I don’t use the stuff sack but rather pack the sleeping bag inside the bivvie bag and stuff them into one of the side pouches of my bergan. This allows me to quickly take it out and get my head down after a long day.

First Aid

The topic of first aid is a huge one and warrants a post of it’s own but it is important to have one that is personalised and waterproof including medication, antibiotics as well as dressings, antiseptic and the all important survival blanket.


Hygiene will not only keep you healthy but is great for moral, when you are tired and dirty after a long day trying to just survive, something as simple as cleaning your teeth can improve moral greatly, ensure you have a minimum of the following in your bug out bag.

Wet Napkins

Hand Sanitizer

All-Purpose Camp Soap

Hygiene/Signal Mirror

Small Pack Towel

Travel Toilet Paper (Qty 2)

Survival Tools

The shiny things that all of us go wild for at trade shows and camping shops. I like to keep things simple with a multitool, which gives me everything from a pair of pliers to a small saw. I also like to keep a survival knife with a 5inch locking blade. It is said that a knife is the most important part of your kit so make sure it is sharp and kept in good condition.


It may seem obvious but make sure you have at least two torches, I like to keep a head torch as well as a hand held torch such as a maglight. I also keep chemical light sticks of various colours for signalling and also for lighting my camp site. some people take candles but I don’t see the need.


The nature of the emergency will determine what communications you will be able to use. I always take a mobile phone incase mobile communications are available, and an emergency radio. This should hopefully enable me to pick up anybody in the area who is in the same situation. Once again I will cover communications in a future post as it is a huge topic.


I live close to quite a wild area of the UK which is where I plan to bug out to if the Shit really does hit the fan, I have walked Dartmoor for years and know the areas I would head for quite well but having a map of the area you are headed to is important along with a compass. However being able to read it is the most important part, regularly taking yourself out and practicing your navigation skills is an important part of your prepper training. I also have a GPS system in my bag simply because it may work in some situations and I would rather have it than not.

Survival Tin

This tin has been with me for about 10 years, the contents of it have changed over that time but its function remains the same. I always keep it in the top pouch of my bag, or in one of my pockets and it serves as an escape and evasion kit in an emergency. It is based on the classic SAS combat survival tin and includes.

Safety Pins (x4)

Electrical Tape

Button Compass

Match Book


Purification Tablets



Snare wire

Small candle

Flint and Steel

Folding knife

Fishing kit


Sewing kit

Wire saw

All of this fits into a small tobacco tin which fits easily in a chest pocket and keeps it all dry.

Odds and Ends

Finally a few items which I keep in my bag but I couldn’t fit anywhere else in this list.

550 Parachute Cord x 15mtrs

Cotton Bandana

Duct Tape – 1 roll

Heavy dutyGarbage Bag (Qty 2)

Resealable Bags (Qty 5, Various Sizes)


Face Mask

Latex Tubing (3′)


Face Paint

Gold and silver coins

£200 in various denominations (well it was two hundred a few takeaways ago)

My bug out bag has been personalised to fit my own circumstances and you may want to carry different kit. I keep adding to it all the time and changing pieces around after a weekend out on Dartmoor if I find that something isn’t working.

Can you think of anything I have missed? You can download a free bug out bag list PDF by clicking here and filling out your email address.

Source by Chris J Hall

Did Jesus Carry His Crossbeam or His Entire Cross?

Every good Christian is familiar with the story of Jesus Christ’s Passion. If you are not a Christian, but have seen the movie, The Passion of the Christ, it’s difficult to forget the gruesome parts – His brutal chastisement, the arduous way to the cross, and the horrifying crucifixion. Most forms of media from early medieval paintings to modern movies show a fatigued, hunched over Jesus carrying the wooden cross to Golgatha (the place of the skull) where He was crucified. Yet, many scholars believe Christ only carried the crossbeam on which his wrists were nailed. Many others are traditionalists who agree that art confirms the “whole” cross view. Incredibly, the Bible never states that Jesus carried His own cross, except in the Book of John: Carrying his own cross, he went out to the place of the Skull (which in Aramaic is called Golgotha) (John 19:17, NIV). All of the other Gospels include Simon of Cyrene as the reluctant man who helps Jesus on the way to Golgatha. However, I believe Christ bore the partial or full weight of the cross.

In my opinion, the Shroud of Turin is the famous, large cloth is the true linen in which the temporarily dead body of Christ lay for three days. It bears the imprint of the body of Jesus. By careful analysis of the biological and forensic evidence, we can learn about how Jesus suffered.

Jesus was in such weakened condition from the scourging he could barely carry the crossbeam itself. On the backside of the Shroud two large straight diagonal abrasions are marked from the right shoulder blade down to the left. Jesus arms and hands were tied to the crossbeam. It would have to have been heavy for a person who had not been severely beaten, like Simon of Cyrene, to carry Jesus’ crossbeam. According to Dr. Pierre Barbet, early groundbreaking author of A Doctor at Calvary: The Passion of Our Lord Jesus Christ As Described by a Surgeon, the crossbeam called the pitabulum would have weighed about 125 pounds and the large vertical pole-the stipes would have weighed 250 pounds. (Location 861, Kindle)

To make matters worse, Jesus’ arms and hands were tied to the crossbeam. So, he could not have walked a half mile to Golgatha without falling due to navigating the uneven, rough terrain with bare feet. The Shroud reveals evidence that Christ’s nose appears to be broken and his right cheek swollen – injuries consistent with one or several falls while bearing the crossbeam as long as he did. Under microscopic analysis, the Shroud shows dirt and lime particles on His face.

When Jesus and Simon arrived at the crucifixion site, the pitabulum and Jesus were set down on the ground. Then, Roman soldiers drove nails through his wrists. Afterwards, they hoisted the pitabulum and Jesus up on a wedge situated in the middle of the stipes (pole) which had already been set into the ground. Then a nail was driven through his feet. This type of cross is known as a “tau”cross in the shape of a “T”.

On the other hand, many of today’s Shroud scholars believe that Christ carried the entire cross. According to Andr√® Marion & Gerard Lucotte, French authors of the 2006 groundbreaking book, The Shroud of Turin and the Argenteuil Tunic, Jesus bore the whole cross. Using computer modeling, which analyzed the back of the Shroud, they discovered that there were more than two abrasion marks on the Shroud; there were nine blood marks which correspond to the tunic Jesus was wearing (John 19:23-24). Marks on the tunic indicate a cross pattern, created by the pressure of the whole cross- the pitabulum and the stipes – on his back, despite the tunic which buffered the bruises.

What about the two diagonal bruise marks across his back? The new computerized data clearly shows more bruises that form a perpendicular cross pattern from his bruised shoulders to where the stipes met the pitabulum between and under both shoulder blades. Marion’s analysis of the Shroud and the Tunic of Argenteuil suggest that the upper part of the vertical beam was carried on the left shoulder, while the horizontal beam’s full weight fell on the right shoulder. This might have dislocated His shoulder.

But Jesus could not have carried a cross weighing 350 pounds. However, for Jesus to have carried the entire cross-the stipes (vertical pole) and the pitabulum (cross beam) -would have weighed much less. According to legend, in 326 AD, Helena, the mother of Emperor Constantine of Rome made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem to find the location of Christ’s cross. Witnesses remarked that not only did she find Jesus cross in an area below Golgatha, but the crosses of the criminals. She couldn’t determine which cross belonging to Jesus, so a terminally ill woman touched each cross until she laid her hand on the one which miraculously made her sickness vanish.

Helena took the relics related to the crucifixion back to Rome. In the Basilica of the Holy Cross in Jerusalem, the pitabulum of the good thief is displayed. It measures 180 cm long x 13 cm width x 13 cm high. Its weight is 20 kg or 45 pounds. It’s estimated that the stipes measured 250 cm long x 11.5 cm width x 11.5 cm high. Its weight is 25 kg or 55 pounds. So, the total weight of Jesus’ cross would be about 90 pounds. (From an anonymous article, Why Jesus Carried the Whole Cross and Not Only the Patibulum.) Interestingly enough, this evidence supports the fact that the bruise marks were the same size-between 11 to 13 cm long.

Jesus would have had severe trouble walking, restricted to a 45-pound patibulum mounted on just his shoulders with his hands and arms tied to it. By bearing the entire 90-pound cross, He would have had his hands free, while dragging some of its weight behind him. So, if Jesus bore a much lighter complete cross, it would have been the traditional “Latin” cross- a “t”.

It has also been speculated that Jesus had to carry the entire cross, because the filthy, used stipes, covered in blood and feces were pulled out of their holes in the ground and stored. This was probably done because in and around a holy site like Jerusalem, the religious law forbid anyone touching anything unclean. So, Jesus and the two thieves crucified with him had to carry both stipes and pitabulum. In more secular places around the Roman Empire, the filthy stipes stood in the ground waiting for its next victim. So, the tau cross was traditionally used and not the Latin cross, unique to Jesus.

Early experts who analyzed the Shroud of Turin believed that the condemned Messiah only carried the pitabulum because only two abrasion marks from his right upper back and the lower left back were visible. Today, using the latest computer technology, more evidence has surfaced that Jesus bore the entire cross by reexamining the Shroud of Turin, the tunic of Argenteuil and the good thief’s cross. The tunic Jesus wore to the crucifixion overlapped the marks on the Shroud. The measurements of the good thief’s crossbeam indicate that it weighed much less than previously thought, as probably did the stipes. With this evidence, it is more likely Jesus carried the whole cross, with the help of Simon de Cyrene, to the crucifixion site, validating the traditional artistic view of Jesus bearing the entire cross.

Source by Harrington A Lackey

Make Your Wedding Invitations – DIY Seal And Send Wedding Invitations

DIY seal and send wedding invitations are an excellent way to save money. You can make your own invitations easily.

Here is a good example of how to make DIY seal and send wedding invitations and make your wedding programs too.

Purchase a ream of 67# white card stock in tabloid size. Tabloid size is 11 x 17″. You may have to order this but it won’t be that expensive. You might check at the copy department of your local office supply store. Many times they have these sizes and will sell them to you.

Now once you have one ream of 11 x 17 card stock, you have 250 sheets of paper. If you need 200 invitations open the ream and ask them to cut half of it to 5 1/2 x 14 inches. You can get it cut to 15″ if you need the extra. Once you have those cut ask them to cut the other half to 8 1/2 x 11 inches.

This will give you approximately 250 sheets for you invitations and you can use the other 250 sheets for your wedding programs. Now you have two projects for one small cost. The rest will just be your ink and time.

Set up your invitations in a good word processing program. You can add graphics and use a nice font. This will make a very nice DIY seal and send wedding invitation. If you know how to make your data base you can even address them to match.

Print out one complete seal and send wedding invite. Now by using a tracing wheel you can add a perf to this card stock. That will allow your guests to tear a postcard RSVP off and mail it back to you. Now add two score lines with a bone folder and you have a cheap invitation that looks good. I bought a tracing wheel in the sewing section at Walmart for less than $2. I got the bone folder in the craft section for $4.

You will need to have a good ruler and straight edge method to get an even mark for you folds and perf. You can make dummy cards to line them up too. It really is easy to make your own DIY seal and send Wedding invitations.

Not only will you be able to make these with this idea, you can also get enough paper to make your wedding programs also. By making both your DIY seal and send wedding invitations and your wedding programs you will save more money. I am sure you will find another use for that money!

Source by Mary Redfoot Harnetiaux

How To XRay In Gimp?

Pictures and photos with some special effects loom interesting. And on e of such effect is to generate an X-ray effect this can be done on Gimp. To have an X ray effect on gimp first let us see what is gimp. Actually it is short for GNU Image Manipulation Program. Where, GNU is a Unix-like operating system. If you want an X-ray effect to be generated on your pictures and photos, you need to have software that allows free image editing and it is available on most kinds of operating systems and to everyone. The first step to have this effect on nay picture is to choose a picture that you would like to would like to effect on.

Once you have the picture at hand, you have to go to the gimp image editor and open the image of this picture in it. When the picture is laid in front of you on the screen, you can zoom the area that you want to have the said effect. This will create a large image which will really help you have a clear and bigger view of the picture. Hence the selection of the target will be easy and accurate. Then go to the tool box and select the tool Scissors and with this you can choose the target area on the image where the x-ray effect is to be applied.

Next changing color or having a colorful effect will also enhance its look. Go to the main menu and click color. Many levels are shown in drop down list where you can choose the Levels tab. Just then a window will pop open asking you to adjust the color level. This adjustment can be done using the side bar and continue doing so until you get a transparent effect.

This may not be the desired effect that you may have thought of. Not to worry. You can still fine tune it. For it you need to go to the Filter menu and apply the Gaussian and Sharpen tool and then adjust the Hue-Saturation and brightness-contrast from the color menu.

These changes after all this editing can be saved. It will all be stored in the history of Gimp. Any time you feel you want to restore your image you can do so by going to the history and do so. This way your x-ray effect on gimp is done and that too without the help of Photoshop which could have turned out to be expensive.

Source by Chris Cornell

A Cheat Sheet for Microsoft Office Programs – Word, Excel, and PowerPoint


Microsoft Office is described as an office suite of several applications, services and servers which was developed by Microsoft. The Office product was first announced back in 1988 by no other than Bill Gates at the COMDEX (Computer Dealer’s Exhibition) held in Las Vegas. The office suite was originally a marketing term for the bundled set of applications. The original version of the Microsoft Office included Word, Excel and PowerPoint. Through the years, the Microsoft Office application has gradually changed to better fit the needs of users. The changes include shared features such as OLE data integration, spell checker and also Visual Basic (VB) for applications with scripting language. Because of the popularity as well as the efficacy of MS Office application, the number of users have steadily increased and Softpedia announced on July 2012 that there are now over a billion users all over the world.

Versions of Microsoft Office

The desktop version of MS Office is available for all Windows based platforms and as well as for MAC OS X. MS has also introduced a touch-optimized version which is pre-installed on Windows RT tablets to enable mobile users to avail of Microsoft services through the Office Mobile which is accessible for free on iOS, Android and of course Windows Phone. Office Online is the web-based version and Microsoft has already stated its plans to create more versions for other well-known platforms.

The MS Office application is quite easy to use and understand. However, newbies may find it hard to maneuver through the application so here are a few tips on how to easily utilize the applications.

Microsoft Word

MS Word is basically a word processor and was initially considered as the chief program in the Office application. There are over 10 MS Word versions now and more than half is considered either obsolete or irrelevant. The most widely used MS Word versions are Word 2003, Word 2007, Word 2010 and Word 2013. The following are helpful tips on how to easily navigate MS Word and its different versions.

Word 2003

This version of MS Word is a perfect tool to create awesome looking documents; from formatting, page numbering, indexes and even more options to choose from. This version of MS Word has a few tricks up its sleeve which can help anyone master the creation of documents. One of the best features of the MS Word 2003 is that it will automatically save your work every few minutes. This means that you will still have your document even if you experience a computer shutdown. You can also automatically save your documents by following these steps:

Go to Tools, then Options and click the Save tab. Make sure that the Save Auto Recover check box is ticked and then type your preferred backup interval inside the Minutes box and then click OK.

Word 2007

MS Word 2007 is basically the same as the other versions but has added a few features which can help you create better documents with ease. Word 2007 offers editing and formatting keyboard shortcuts that are already well known by countless Windows users. It also features common and not so common keyboard commands such as pressing Ctrl+Shift+G to display the Word Count.

Word 2010

There are a few new changes in Word 2010 but the basic keyboard shortcuts are still the same. Formatting and other shortcut keys are basically the same as the previous versions. One cheat sheet we’d like to share is lining up your texts using Word 2010 to make it a lot easier when you use tabs instead of the space bar.

Word 2013

Word 2013 may have a complex ribbon which has tabs and other useful icons. However, the complexity is only temporary since the keyboard shortcuts and basic commands are the same as the other MS Word versions. One good tip when using Word 2013 is to press Shift + Enter to embed a soft return which can be very practical when you need to break a line of text like in an address or in a document title.

Microsoft Excel

There are over 10 versions of Microsoft Excel but the more popular versions are Excel 2007, Excel 2010 and Excel 2013. Some of the Excel functions apply to several subject areas while most functions are actually general and can be used for all needs. The Excel functions are basically the same regardless of the versions such as SUM, AVERAGE, COUNT, INT and ROUND just to name a few. The order of operations when using Excel starts with Parentheses, Exponents, Multiplication and Division and Addition and Subtraction.

Microsoft PowerPoint

MS PowerPoint is a slide show presentation program which was launched back in 1990. There are over 10 versions for MS PowerPoint and the more commonly used are versions 2003, 2007, 2010 and 2013. The commands and functions of different versions are actually the same. However, users must learn basic formatting shortcuts to ensure that their presentation will be outstanding.

Source by Maria Marilyn Madrid

Typing Chinese Characters Using Pinyin in Mac OS X Yosemite

The following article will help you to install a Pinyin keyboard on your Mac.

It will also help you to use this Pinyin keyboard to type Chinese characters.

This is one input method to use, to type Chinese characters.

(Please note that you have to decide if you want to type using Traditional Chinese characters or Simplified Chinese characters. You can install both keyboards if you so desire.)

1. Go to System Preferences. It is located on your menu bar with your applications.

2. Select “Language and Region”.

3. Go to “Preferred Languages” on the left side of page. Click the “+” button underneath Preferred Languages.

4. A list will appear. Find and select the “Chinese, Simplified” or Chinese, Traditional input methods. Click “Add”.

5. Your preferred method will appear in the list of Preferred Languages.

6. Select “Keyboard Preferences” at the bottom.

7. Under Input Sources you will see a box to tick, all the way at the bottom. It says “Show input menu in menu bar”.

8. Tick this box, to make the input method visible in the menu bar.

9. You can switch between different input methods, from English to Pinyin, by using the menu bar at the top of your computer’s screen.

10. You also have the option of making a keyboard shortcut. Select the Shortcuts tab in the same window (Language Preferences).

11. Select Input Sources and tick the Select the previous input source.

12. Go to the right, to the end of the row, and by clicking on the shortcut you can highlight it.

13. When it is highlighted, hold your keyboard’s “command key” down and press the “Space bar”.

14. Now your shortcut is “Command” + Space. (You can always change this shortcut if you prefer another appropriate or more familiar shortcut.)

15. Pressing “Command and Space bar” will allow you to toggle between input methods. When pressing “Command and Space bar”, you will notice options like “English US” or “English British” and “Pinyin Simplified” or “Pinyin Traditional”. Just use the Space bar to jump to the desired input method.

16. When you type select this input method, type the Pinyin word, press Space bar and the character will appear. Select the correct character and continue to the next word.

Please note that you still have to select the correct character, that corresponds with the Pinyin typed. A good understanding of Chinese characters is necessary to recognize the exact and correct character.

Source by Daniel A Schoeman

MS Word – How To Make Global Changes To Your Text Document Based On Paragraph Styles?

Imagine you have a long MS Word document containing all kinds of paragraph styles. What are you going to do if you’d like to indent all section headers SIMULTANEOUSLY by one tab to the right and then change their color to red?

Obviously the Find-and-Replace functionality is of no help here. Yes, you can search for the paragraphs by their style but you need to type in a search word or phrase. And after finding the headers with that specific style and search words, you cannot select them all simultaneously for a global edit.

Tracking such headers from the TOC (Table of Contents) would also be very cumbersome and again impossible to select simultaneously.

There is a very easy method to accomplish that in a hurry.

First display the Styles and Formatting pane of your document by selecting Format > Styles and Formatting from your main menu.

Select a paragraph style in the list. It will be framed with a dark blue box.

Bring your cursor on top of the style name to display the drop-down menu arrow.

Click the arrow to display the following options:

  • Select All X Instance(s)
  • Modify…
  • Delete…
  • Update to match the Selection

Select the “Select All X Instance(s)” option to highlight every piece of text in your document which has that paragraph style.

Then click the right-indent button on your tool-bar. All the headers will be shifted towards right by one tab space.

Then click the Font Color button on your tool-bar and select Red. All your headers will be converted to red.

And you are done! Congratulations.

You can do a much more thorough edit by again selecting all instances of a paragraph style.

But instead of changing the style through the tool-bar buttons, you can display the Modify Style dialog box by selecting “Modify” from the drop-down list of the paragraph style listed in the Styles and Formatting pane.

Every change you make in that dialog box will be reflected instantly in every instance of that paragraph style.

CAUTION: If you select the “Add to template” check box and then click OK, you’ll make the changes a permanent part of your style sheet.

Source by Ugur Akinci