Made in the Sunshine Strawberry Jam

My mother-in-law used to make strawberry sunshine jam when she was at the family cabin. It tasted like summer and I wanted to make it. Years ago, when I called her, she was starting to develop dementia and did not remember the recipe. Fortunately, I found two recipes, one in an old cookbook, and the other on a Website.

“Meta Given’s Modern Encyclopedia of Cooking,” a comprehensive, two-volume cook book, first published in 1947, contains a recipe for Strawberry Electric Light Preserves. This is the same sunshine jam my mother-in-law used to make, only it is thickened by the heat of a light bulb. The other recipe comes from the Epicurious Website and it is a tripled version of the original recipe, with lemon juice to brighten the flavor.

What is the difference between jam, jelly, fruit butters, and marmalade? Jam is made from fruit, fruit pulp, and sugar. The fruit is crushed beforehand to release juice. The natural pectin in the fruit, combined with sugar, thickens the jam. Of course, jam may also be thickened with liquid or powdered pectin.

Jelly is made from sweetened juice and does not contain any fruit. Preserves are similar to jam, but made with whole fruit. You have probably seen cherry, peach, and apricot preserves in the grocery store.

Fruit butters are made from pureed fruits that are cooked until tender. After the fruit is strained, a small amount of sugar is added. Spices may also be added, as with apple butter. The sweetness of fruit butters comes more from the fruit than sugar. Marmalades are in a class of their own and made with fruit, rind, and juice.

When you are making preserves you need to be careful about the amount of sugar you add. According to “The Joy of Cooking” by Irma S. Rombauer and Marion Rombauer Becker, “The less sugar you use, the greater the impact of the fruit flavor.”

Kids will be out of school soon and looking for things to do. Get them to make strawberry jam. This is a fun summer activity and the perfect way to celebrate National Jam Week, which in 2009 is June 21-28. After you set the jam in the sunshine, keep an eye on it, and be on the lookout for squirrels, birds, ants, bees, and other wildlife.

Ingredients:

1 quart ripe strawberries

1 kettle boiling water

3 cups sugar

1 tablespoon fresh lemon juice

Method:

Hull strawberries. Put them in a colander and pour boiling water over them. Transfer berries to a 3-quart pan. Add 1 cup of sugar and heat to boiling. Boil over moderate heat for 2 minutes. Add the remaining sugar (2 cups) and boil 5 minutes more. Pour jam into a 12″ x 17″ x 2″ glass pan. Cover with plastic wrap, leaving a small opening to release moisture. Set jam in the sunshine and stir twice during the day. Bring the jam in at night, set in the sunshine again the next day, until thickened. Pour jam into hot, sterilized jars and seal with paraffin. Makes about 1 1/2 pints of jam.

Copyright 2009 by Harriet Hodgson



Source by Harriet Hodgson

Easy Elderberry and Strawberry Jam

I had what I call, this great idea today while eating my peanut butter and elderberry jam sandwich. I’m not much for food preparation. I like to cook and I like to entertain but I’ll tell you what, processing fruits for canning is a royal pain. It took forever to strain those chokecherries. Granted the juice was delicious but there must be a faster way so I come up with a cheat while enjoying my sandwich. I simply scattered my thawed elderberries in the elderberry jam to add a little more to the sandwich and thought why not mix elderberries with existing jam? Choose your favorite flavor. Mine will most likely be raspberry and strawberry. Yep, I’ll do it twice.

So let’s call this the lazy mans recipe to elderberry jam, shall we? After all we have all the ingredients available in the jam from our storage already or we can buy it from the store. Now I’m sure there are all kinds of reasons this should not be done. Something about the preservatives? Perhaps the ratio will be off when adding the new berries to the existing jam? I’m not an expert but I figure this can be an easy way to at least get the goodness of those elderberries into your peanut butter sandwich so you can enjoy the protection from the flu this season. I’m sure you guys reading this will appreciate my efforts.

Making the jam is easy. Let’s forego all that ingredients nonsense that so many recipes have and just start with what we need. Choose your favorite jam and grab a handful of ripe elderberries. Add them to the jam and mix. I like the elderberries and I like the benefits so I personally am going to use a lot of elderberries. If I have 16 ounces of jam already I’ll likely use a full cup or more of the berries and just mix them in. I’ll have either a half used jar of jam or I’ll mix it all into a mixing bowl of some sort if I can find one in the kitchen. This is after all foreign territory for me. Once all is mixed I’ll scoop it back into the original jar and find a container for the rest of it. Then I’ll take the leftover and make myself a sandwich right now. There will likely be left overs after all since I am a guy in the kitchen making jam from jam. No need to complicate it. It is what it is and we’ll live with it. Keep it simple and easy and life can go on.



Source by Mike D Wood

Buying a Home? First Buy Strawberry Jam!

When I read The Pittsburgh Press’ article from 1985 online about a Consumer Reports study about strawberry jam, I could not help to see the relationship between how we buy jam versus how we buy homes.

Huh?

That’s right, the very same neurological processes that occur when you buy strawberry jam are the very same ones that will tell you whether you are buying the right home or not. The problem is that you would never know this unless you become aware of how our brain processes this information and how it reveals the answers to you through an emotional response. The key is to develop the ability to read your emotions and you will end up buying the right home!

When Consumer Reports hired the very best food technologist and sensory consultants, they had rated 44 jam varieties and published their results. When Timothy Wilson and Pittsburgh researcher Jonathan Schooler decided to replicate this taste test with “non-experts”, the “non-experts” virtually ranked the jams in a similar order that the experts ranked them. However, when the experiment was performed again, but the researchers asked the subjects “why?” they are choosing what they are choosing, the jam rankings dramatically differed; the tasters in the second run of the experiment were forced to explain a decision which is usually impulsive, not rational.

“Rationalization” or “thinking things through” is embraced in North American culture as a “wise thing” to do, but based on the results of this strawberry jam taste test, more thinking and rationalizing one’s choices led to choosing the worst ranked jams! It turns out that we can justify even the worst products and services if we over-think the choices.

This is not the only experiment that supports these results. Studies on cheap versus expensive wines and cheap art versus expensive art, all lead to the same result that over analyzing your choices leads to the worst choices.

The “placebo effect” is to blame in all of these situations. When your brain has the expectation of something, it will work to reframe your choice to support your decision, no matter if it’s the wrong one.

There are two parts of your brain that can kick in when making a buying decision: The prefrontal cortex and the limbic system. The prefrontal cortex is what depends on logic and rational thought, while the limbic system is what controls all of your emotional responses, both conscious and unconscious. Keep in mind that this is a very general explanation for the purposes of understanding how we make buying decision.

The limbic system is what kicks in when an airline pilot makes a split second decision to avert a plane crash, or an FBI agent’s decision to shoot in a hostage situation, and even the decision to purchase strawberry jam. Essentially, all of these choices are difficult to explain through rational thought, yet all of them involve the use of our intuition. Our intuitive choices are patterns that our brains have developed based on past expectations and the results of those expectations. The more experiences you go through, the more your brain is able to register intuitive responses to those situations when they come up again. Each time an expectation turns out to be false, your brain adjusts its intuitive capabilities so that when this situation comes up again in the future, it is ready to trigger an emotional response.

Ever have that feeling that something was not right? That’s your emotional brain telling you the answer based on a past experience. The challenge is to decode what exactly is “wrong” by understanding your emotions.

Your brain will tell you when you have found the right home, but it is all to easy to rationalize your purchase before giving your brain the tools and sensory inputs it needs to tell you what is right for you. Home builders know this when they make their model homes look great or when home stagers make a home look perfect! Our brains will fall in love with the look of a home, but then we’ll justify that look by rationalizing all the reasons that we should buy that home. Meanwhile, your emotional brain may be telling you that it is a far commute from and to work; that the builder’s reputation is not the best; that you will have to spend money after the closing on a fence, deck or shed, and the list can go on and on. I am not against buying a new home, but I wanted to use this as a classic example of how rationalizing a purchase can block out essential costs and factors when buying a new home.

So how do you give your brain the right sensory inputs?

The best and most effective way to give your emotional brain the right inputs is to give it more experiences from which it can draw subconscious conclusions in order to help you decide should you choose to tap into those emotions. Go out and see as many homes as you can! Take your time in each home, developing a sense of likes and dislikes, without justifying each. Do this over several weeks so that you are not relying on “excitement” to make a decision. (Excitement is related to the chemical known as dopamine, which is covered in another article). I also urge you to make a list of “must have” and “absolutely not”. When you visit each house, become attuned to your list and make notes as they relate to your list. Intuitively, your emotional brain will develop a sense for what you want and trigger a positive feeling or a negative one as you visit more homes.

The next time you stop by the grocery store to pick up some strawberry jam, appreciate the fact that your brain can help you pick the best tasting (emotional) one or the one that tastes the worst, but meets all seemingly logical criteria for choosing jam (rational). It may save you from making a bigger mistake like buying a home for the wrong reasons!



Source by Joe Ornato

Strawberry Jam Failure – Fix It

Homemade strawberry jam is yummy. But what do you do if it is runny. Read on for a recipe to fix failed strawberry jam. It is summer. Strawberry season is winding down. Raspberries and blueberries are just around the corner. Berries are just wonderful; about anyway you can eat them. I enjoy them fresh in a bowl, on my cereal or ice cream, in a frosty smoothy or in a pie. Come fall and winter, there is nothing like homemade strawberry jam on your favorite toast or on peanut butter and jelly sandwiches.

There are many good recipes for jam. I used a standard boxed pectin recipe with fresh picked strawberries from a local farm. My mouth was watering for homemade strawberry jam. I have not ever had a failure in my jam making, but this year I did. It was runny. It would make a great ice cream Sunday topper.

Most cooking mistakes can be fixed, so I researched my options. I called the 800 number on the pectin box. The help line operator had no information on how to fix runny jam. Next I called the local Cooperative Extension. Over the years, I have found them to be a great source of information. This year, they came to the rescue, again. Here is the recipe to fix failed strawberry jam. You can use this recipe to fix up to 8 cups of runny jam. These portions are per cup of jam.

2 tablespoons of sugar. 1 tablespoon of water 1 ½ teaspoon powdered pectin

Mix pectin and water; bring them to a boil while you are stirring constantly. Add runny strawberry jam and sugar and stir constantly. Bring the mixture to a full rolling boil over high heat. Boil for ½ minute. Then remove the pot from heat. Skim the top of an foam that may have formed. Put jam in hot jars and use new lids. Process the jam in a hot water bath for 10 minutes. Let the jars sit over night.



Source by Mary Pat FitzGibbons

How to Jam on Guitar – Jamming For Beginners

Guitar jam sessions are a great way to improve your playing skills and your confidence as a guitarist. They can also be very daunting for guitarists who are new to jamming, especially beginners. But jamming is supposed to be fun, and will be if you know what to expect, and go prepared. This article takes a look at what’s involved, starting with the techniques needed when jamming, followed by the different situations in which you can use them.

Part 1: Jamming On Guitar – How To Do It

Basically, jamming is improvising with other musicians – usually one or more people play rhythm parts, to get a beat going, and others improvise solos over the top. A jam may be entirely free-form, or may be based on a particular song or chord sequence. However, although you may not always be preparing to play any specific song or piece, you can (and should) prepare yourself by making sure you have a solid grasp of your instrument. This means practicing chords and scales in various keys, so you’ll be able to play both rhythm and solo parts while jamming. You don’t have to be an expert guitarist to jam, but you do need to at least grasp the basics.

Skills needed for jamming:

  • Strumming chords in a variety of keys, with the ability to change chords cleanly. If you’re new to the guitar, start off with the primary chords in the more common keys (such as C, G, D, A, E, F etc), and progress from there.
  • The ability to play in time. You don’t have to play complex rhythms if you’re not comfortable with that, but you must be able to keep to the beat. If you’re playing a solo, the rhythm must take priority – in other words, if you come unglued, it’s OK to miss out a few notes of the melody, but you must keep up with the beat. Learn to listen closely to the bass and/or drums – this will help you to stay in the right place, and to avoid being distracted by nerves or other things going on around you.
  • The ability to hear chord progressions and follow along. Ear skills are vital for jamming – you can practice by recognising when chord changes happen in the music you listen to, and later by learning to identify the specific chords that are being used. You’ll find that the same patterns tend to recur a lot (especially in popular music), and will eventually be able to recognise them instantly. For more advanced ear training, specialised courses are available.
  • Being able to improvise lead melodies. You might not want to do this straight away, which is fine – you can just strum along with the rhythm if you like. But being able to improvise melodies is a key part of more advanced jamming, and requires some lead guitar skills. Scale practice is essential here, as is some basic theory, so you know which notes can be effectively played over which chords.

Jamming step by step

Jamming is by its nature a relatively unstructured process, but if you’re new to it, you don’t have to jump in at the deep end. Instead, you can develop your jamming skills gradually. First of all, you need to know which key the music is in – for simple pieces, this will determine the chords and notes that you will need to be able to play (more complex jams may involve lots of key changes and the use of more obscure chords – try to get experience of jamming with easier songs and sequences first!). Having determined the key, you can decide how you want to participate in the jam, depending on your skill and confidence level. For example:

  • Step one – assuming that you’re basing the jam around a song you know or a predetermined chord sequence, just strum along with one strum to each beat using simple downstrokes (or if the pace is too fast – try strumming every other beat, or on the first beat of each bar).
  • Step two – strum along, but rather than just using downstrokes, use upstrokes too to play more complex rhythms that blend with what the others are doing.
  • Step three – create some simple riffs. These can be repeated with the chord changes, or varied a bit to make things more interesting.
  • Step four – try improvising some solo melodies. You can keep them very simple at first, sticking with the notes of each chord, then get more adventurous as your skills and confidence progress.

If you’re playing an electric guitar, you can also experiment with adding effects at any stage in the process, if appropriate.

Part II: Putting It Into Practice – 3 Jamming Scenarios

So, now you have an idea of how to jam on guitar, lets take a look at the main situations in which you can practice your new skills, and how to make the most of them.

1. Jamming With Other People

Jamming in a live environment with other musicians can’t be beat. After practising alone at home every day, it is great to get out and connect with some like-minded others. It also provides invaluable experience if you want to play in a band or other live situation – playing with others requires listening, improvisation and rhythm skills beyond those you’ll normally use when playing alone.

So, what exactly happens at a jam session? This varies, depending on the situation. For example, sometimes people get together to jam over existing songs (or song structures), or they may follow a chord sequence suggested by one member, and tabs or chord charts may or may not be used. Sometimes, as with many free-form jams, there’s no predetermined structure at all, and everyone just improvises based on what they’re hearing. The music may cover various styles (such as jazz, rock, blues etc). If you’re new to jamming, you’ll probably find it easier at sessions that follow a familiar song or chord progression, with simple structures such as three chord songs or a 12 bar blues.

In a group situation, you may be expected to play a specific role during each piece – such as playing rhythm, or soloing. Make sure you stick to your task, but also stay aware of what the other people in your session are doing. Eye contact can be especially vital if you’re all improvising freely (as opposed to following a predetermined structure), as people will use it to signal when they’re about to change chords or rhythms, or finish a solo etc.

You might feel nervous when jamming with others for the first time – this is normal, and you shouldn’t worry too much about making mistakes – they’re inevitable. It will help if you’re playing with other people who aren’t too advanced, or are willing to include some simpler songs in the session for the benefit of the less experienced. Most musicians will be welcoming to newcomers and will hopefully remember how it felt to be new to jamming – if they’re not, find somewhere else to play! If you don’t have musician friends to jam with already, you can often find local jam sessions organised by music stores, pubs and the like – these will sometimes be geared towards players of different standards, so look out for beginner jam sessions to start with.

If you’re unable to jam with other musicians in person, or you just want to improve your jamming skills in between session, you can also jam along with recorded tracks, as well as with tools like a drum machine.

2. Jamming With Recorded Tracks

Jamming along with recordings is the next best thing to playing live. While this doesn’t have the same element of unpredictability, it gives you the chance to practice focusing on developing your own improvisational skills against a constant musical backdrop. You can of course play along with recordings of songs by artists you like – this is a good way to get to know the songs that are likely to be played at your live sessions too.

You can also use tracks that have been recorded specifically with jamming in mind – there are lots of free guitar jam tracks in many styles available online (although the quality does vary a lot), and there are also professionally recorded tracks available for sale at low prices. These often come in two versions – one with a guitar solo included, and ‘minus one’ versions where the lead track is absent, so you can fill it in yourself.

3. Jamming With Software and Other Learning Aids

Another option is to practice jamming with a virtual drummer or bassist in the form of a drum machine or software equivalent. This is an excellent way to develop your rhythm skills, which are vital to effective jamming. Software that allows you to program your own drum or basslines, and/or which is pre-programmed with a variety of presets is widely available online. Some software also offers full backing tracks in various keys.



Source by Sam Marks

90 Minute Jam Session

The 90-minute Jam Session is your key to insane productivity. How do you get more of your most vital priorities done? Furthermore, can these 90-minute jam sessions help you level up? Not to mention help you leapfrog the average competitor and increase your revenues.

This simple technique will help you become more effective with your job, family, and other activities. I am going to show you how to become insanely productive while eliminating the things that keep you tied down. You will identify your most vital functions.

The Busy Myth

Being busy is a myth. For instance, you Do Not have to get everything done. You don’t have to be “Busy”. Busyness is a form of laziness. As a matter of fact, busyness keeps you from working on your most valuable priorities. People wear busyness like a badge of honor. Don’t be Busy be Effective.

Insane Productivity

I learned how to be insanely productive from Darren Hardy’s, Insane Productivity Program. I invested in this program and within 90 days my productivity tripled. I became the leader in sales in the last quarter of 2017. I got more done in less time and also learned how to delegate, defer, and delete items from my daily routine.

In addition to becoming more effective in sales, I was able to eliminate social media distractions, stop interruptions, and free myself from “Multi-Tasking”. Furthermore, I was able to increase my skills in sales and marketing. The 90 Minute Jam session helped me focus on my Most Vital Priorities (MVPs) of the day. This technique was the breakthrough I needed to make it to the next level.

The Challenge

If you understand the Pomodoro Technique (working in intervals followed by short breaks). The 90 minute is derived from that. Here is the challenge. For the next 5 days, I challenge you to put the 90 Minute Jam Session to a test. Implement the steps below.

Your 90 Minute Jam Session

Step One: Pick Your Most Vital Priority (MVP)

Commit to spending at least 3 hours per day on your Most Vital Priority. You will break that down into 90-minute work intervals. Your MVP is the most important task you have on that day. For example, my MVP is closing sales. I focus my time on closing deals.

First, you don’t have 10 priorities. If you have more than three priorities then you have none. Pick your top three, then from that three, pick your number one. Remember this is the most important task of the day. This one task trumps everything else. Those who spend time on their most vital skills destroy their competition.

Athletes spend countless hours improving their craft. Entertainers are constantly practicing their fundamentals. They spend time on their MVPs.

“If you have more than 3 priorities then you don’t have any” – Jim Collins

Step Two: Schedule Your 90 Minute Jam Sessions

Schedule your Jam sessions. Write it down… make it happen. Also, get a timer. Set it for 90 minutes and get to work. Only work on one task for that 90 minutes. Do not multitask. Your mind can only do one cognitive function at a time.

Indeed you will get into a zone. At first, ninety minutes may seem like an eternity. You will look at the timer and only 20 minutes have passed. Keep going your focus will intensify and you will be amazed at how much work you can get done in that 90-minute session.

Step Three: Close The Windows

This is the most important key to your 90-minute Jam Session. You must Close The Windows at all cost. When you are in a zone and you get distracted studies show that it takes 25 minutes to get back into the zone. You just lost 25 minutes of productivity because of distractions.

Closing the windows means that you are fighting the Weapons of Mass Distractions:

  • 1. Phone Calls (Unless it’s your MVP)
  • 2. Text Messages
  • 3. Notifications
  • 4. Social Media
  • 5. Email
  • 6. TV
  • 7. Kids
  • 8. Co-workers
  • 9. Anything that distracts your from your MVP

Consequently, these WMD’s are so prevalent that people accept it as normal. Normal equals average and if you want to be average then stop reading this article.

When you enter your jam session. Turn your notifications off. Put a put “do not disturb sign” on your door. Only work with one or two tabs open with your computer. Do not check your email or social media. Let those around you know that this is your sacred time.

Refresh

After your 90 minutes is complete. Take a break. Refresh. Disengage from your work. Go for a walk, jog, do push-ups, or go drink some water. Give your mind a break. Then hop back into focus mode.

Why It Works

When you focus on your MVP with a planned strategy you will become insanely productive. Furthermore, your bottom-line results will increase. Instead of doing 10 things good you can focus on the 1 to 3 vital functions that help you succeed. Again, I challenge you to try this for the next 5 days.



Source by Charles Fitzgerald Butler

Learn Guitar Chords Online: How To Create Totally Awesome Jam Sessions

If you have been playing guitar for a little while I’m sure you will be able to relate to the following situation…

1. The Jam session: A group of guitar enthusiasts decide to get together and have a jam session; which by the way, is a terrific idea; apart for the social interaction it’s a great way to accelerate your guitar playing.

2. Finding common ground: Generally speaking the members of the jam session will be at various levels of proficiency on their instrument so the first priority is to find ‘common ground’ i.e., songs that everyone knows how to play.

The problem: Like every team situation the group is only as good as it’s weakest member; so generally what started out as a great idea is reduced to a very boring couple of hours of frustration where the players struggle to regurgitate substandard versions of simple songs.

Quite often the guitarists find it difficult to agree on a basic set of chords of the songs and are unable to change keys to suit the singer.

All of this aside the REAL problem usually comes down to two things… (a) how to stop all the guitars bumping into one another and (b) how to make the songs sound interesting? With four, five or even ten guitar players ALL playing the exact same chords in the same place on the guitar it’s a recipe for disaster.

Absolutely no professional group does this and that’s why most jam sessions sound like amateur hour no matter how dedicated the players are..

When all the guitars are playing the same chord in the same position using the exact same inversion of the chord the sound actually sounds smaller or weaker.

The solution: The trick is to create an arrangement of the song whereby each guitarist plays chords/fills in a different region of the guitar neck so as to create ‘musical space’ between the various guitar parts.

Let’s take a simple two chord song that could quite easily be on a jam session list.

I’m going to use the tune “Horse With No Name” (by the group America) and create an interest two guitar arrangement that will maximize the acoustic qualities of the two instruments and produce an uncluttered background that will not detract from the melody line.

When this type of arrangement is done correctly it actually makes it easier for the vocalist.

Step 1: Basic set of chords:

=====================

Em /// | D ///

Same basic changes as songs like “Oh, Sinner Man”, “What Will We

Do With The Drunken Sailor” etc

Step 2: Modified changes

===================

Em /// | D69/F# ///

Same basic chords stylized to create a more interesting texture.

Em

-0—

-0—

-0—

-2—

-2—

-0—

D69/F#

-0—

-0—

-2—

-0—

-x—

-2—

Step 3: Good set of chords for one guitar:

==========================

Guitar 1

Verse

Em /// | D69/F# ///

Chorus

Em9 /// | DMaj9 ///

These would be good chords to play if there was only one guitar.

chorus chords

Em9

-2—

-0—

-0—

-2—

-2—

-0—

DMaj9

-0—

-2—

-2—

-0—

-x—

-x—

Step 4: Here is a same chords arranged for a second guitar.

===============================

Guitar 2

Verse

Em7 /// | D69/F# ///

Chorus

Em9 /// | DMaj(add6/9) ///

verse

Em7

-0—

-0—

-7—

-5—

-7—

-x—

D69/F#

-0—

-0—

-9—

-7—

-9—

-x—

chorus

Em9

-0—

-0—

-11–

-12–

-10–

-0—

DMaj9

-0—

-0—

-6—

-7—

-5—

-x—

As you travel along your guitar playing journey you will notice as you advance you will begin to think more like a record producer that a guitarist. you will be more concerned with things like musical texture, density and space.



Source by Mike P Hayes

Jam Making Principles – Four Easy Steps to Making Your Own Jam

Follow these four steps for almost every jam you make

  1. Choose your fruit. Wash & crush it
  2. Boil the fruit in a little plain water till soft
  3. When soft & cooked, add the sugar and pectin, mixed. Then add lemon juice or cream of tartar
  4. Boil rapidly to 104° C (220°F) and it will be ready. (about 20 minutes)

A generic jam recipe

1 kg cleaned crushed fruit 2.2lb + 125g water (1/2 cup)

1 kg sugar 2.2 lb

30 g lime juice, lemon juice (OR 2 tsp cream of tartar)

10 g pectin powder (2 tsp)

FAQ

What is the difference between jam and jelly?

Jam is chunky fruit or thick fruit puree that has been ‘set’ by boiling with sugar. Jelly is a clear fruit juice that has been ‘set’ by boiling with sugar.

Why does jam set?

When fruit is boiled with water it collapses and any pectin in the fruit is released. When sugar and an acid (like lemon juice) is cooked with fruit it reacts with the pectin in the fruit to form a jel. Most jam fruits are high in pectin naturally. If using a fruit without lots of natural pectin, you have to add apple seeds, orange skins or pectin extract to get the same result

Why did my jam come out runny?

Undercooked (not at 104-105°C). Not enough pectin, not enough acid, or not enough sugar. The fruit does not gel easily (eg Pineapple)

Why is my jam too thick?

Overcooked, or too much pectin

What sort of pot do I need?

Bigger is better. Use a wide bottomed pot with a heavy bottom that has even heat distribution.

The 4 things you need to make jam

  1. Fruit
  2. Sugar
  3. Pectin
  4. Acid

About the fruit

Some fruits contain a lot of pectin and set into jam easily. Pectin is a natural substance. Apples and citrus fruit are very high in pectin. If the fruit you are using has a lot of pectin, you don’t need to add extra pectin. If the fruit you are using is low in pectin, you need to add pectin powder, OR add a high pectin fruit, like apple, apple seeds or citrus peel.

About the sugar

Jam is high in sugar. Expect an average quantity of around 50% fruit and 50% sugar. The sugar and acid preserves the fruit and provides texture. It IS possible to make low-sugar jam and sugar-free jam. Do a Google search for those recipes.

About the pectin

Pectin is a natural ‘polysaccharide’. When boiled with sugar, and an acid like lemon juice, it forms a ‘gel’. Many fruits contain a lot of pectin naturally. Fruit has more pectin when under-ripe and less when fully ripened. Powdered pectin extract is available commercially. These are made from orange and lemon skins, or apple seeds.

About the acid

Lemon juice, lime juice or cream of tartar (tartaric acid) are the usual options. Pectin needs to be cooked with sugar and acid to form a jam or gel.

A quick list of High Pectin Fruits:

  • Orange skin, lemon skin, grapefruit skin, lime skin.
  • Raspberries, gooseberries, blackberries, cranberries
  • Apples, grapes, plums

When using the high pectin fruits above, no added pectin is needed. They have enough naturally.



Source by Shane Brierly