Chloramine is useful for various applications as a disinfectant across diverse fields. The efficacy of the product is established by multiple lab tests as well as field trials. Commercially, Chloramine is available in powder or tablet form and could be applied easily to most surfaces and areas without any toxic effect on the users. The powder could be dissolved in water and sprayed on the surfaces, where it could be wiped off after 15 minutes or simply left to dry. Chloramine is used across various households and institutions including hospitals, test labs, funeral homes, poultry farms, cattle farms or veterinary centres. Medical and dental equipment could be soaked in the chloramine solution for effective disinfection. Care should be taken to change the soaking solution daily. One should strictly follow the prescribed guidelines before all application. Municipal authorities across many counties have switched to the use of Chloramine over Chlorine to treat tap water because of its more stable properties.
Properties of Chloramine are wide and far-reaching; it is a bactericide, an algaecide, a potent fungicide, a powerful germicide, it kills viruses and is effective against fungal spores. It is also used to control parasites and many other microbes.
The product is easily available on the shelf under various trade names such as Clorina, Halamid, Trichlorol, Minachlor, Chloraseptin or Tosylchloramide. Chloramine could play an important role as a disinfectant for the organisations that follow strict bio-security standards in their farm to fork chain. It is widely used as a farm and veterinary disinfectant to make every possible area of the facility germ free including equipment, animal houses, foot baths and vehicles. Farmers either spray, nebulise or thermo-fog their livestock using the product. Most veterinary disinfection are carried out, both on the farm and the clinic, using the said disinfectant. Dairy farmers use it to treat and disinfect the paraphernalia used for milking and the teats of the cows after the milking process. Poultry farmers disinfect the hatching eggs by dipping the eggs in 0.5 percent solution of Chloramine for 15 seconds. The sequence followed is cleaning- rinsing- disinfection and finally drying of the eggs. With every step the temperature goes up by a few degrees to prevent absorption of the solution in the eggshells.
It is important to follow the allowed concentration guidelines, which are different for different purposes, industries and surfaces. For example: only 10 g of chloramine is enough to treat 1000 litres of water. Chloramine T has been popular with fish lovers, pond keepers and koi hobbyists for long. The chemical solution if used in right concentration and procedure effectively cures fish ponds of parasites and flukes including Chilodonella, Trichodina, and Costia. Chloramine solution at one percent is enough to control Koi Herpes virus and Gyrodactuyluss salaries ( Salmon Fluke ). It is always recommend exercising caution and wisdom before going ahead with any kind of treatments in the fish ponds.