How to Make Wine the Old Fashioned Way

People have been making wine for about 8,000 years our of grapes and other fruit juices. But how did they do it in ancient times?

Did they have the yeast? Did they have sterilized containers to make it in? Did they even know what sterilized meant?

Ancient hieroglyphs in the early Mesopotamian culture indicate that they did have knowledge of how to make wine. But those glyphs go on to tell us a little more…

First of all, grapes that grow in the wild or in vineyards have their own yeast on the outside of the skins. Now isn’t that handy? If you harvest grapes and crush them to get the juice out BUT leave the grape skins in, the mixture will ferment all by itself because of the naturally occurring yeast. In most cases, the natural yeast is NOT the yeast that we would use today but it apparently served it’s purpose back in ancient times.

But, if you wanted to, you could make wine the same way our ancestors did and just let nature do the fermentation for you with the naturally occurring yeast. It won’t be as strong in alcohol as it would if you used some currently available commercial winemaking yeast, but it will still do the trick.

But what about the necessity to have everything cleaned and sterilized before starting? Surely there was no way to accomplish this back in ancient times…

Well – yes and no. It is mentioned several times in many ancient texts that silver has an antibacterial effect. To this day we know that silver kills bacteria or severely inhibits bacterial growth. The ancients could start their wine in large silver lined containers and let it ferment in them.

Once the alcohol content was high enough, the wine itself and the alcohol it contains is enough to keep bugs from growing.

Fast forward to today’s times and we use sulfites to both preserve wine and to keep bugs or other bacteria frowing in the juice while it is fermenting. By the way, sulfites are a LOT cheaper than silver lined containers!



Source by Mike Carraway

How To Make Your Website Navigation Fun With Anchor Links

Not all websites are successful in terms of design and layout? Only those websites are considered successful, where a visitor finds no issue in finding what he/she came looking for. Whenever a website is designed, the foremost focus is placed on the navigational menu. This is particularly the need of the hour because most of us employ smartphones for surfing the web. From scrolling long webpages to fetching news feed, our thumb receives an excessive daily workout.

If you need easy search to find quick response to your queries, anchor links are sure to offer a lot more convenience than excepted. They guide a visitor to a service that he might be looking for without any need to scroll ceaselessly. A single click on the anchor link will take your website’s visitor to exactly where he wants to go next on the website. If you are utilizing these links in a deterministic way, your visitors (and their thumbs!) will really appreciate and thank you.

What are anchor links?

Are you hearing the term ‘anchor links’ for the first time? Let us get in detail. Anchors are position markers that are invisible in nature and can get you anywhere on the site. They can ideally be used to send a visitor to a section of service he/she is looking for. Keywords to be used as anchor links have to be chosen carefully.

Anchors can be used in two primary ways that are explained below:

1. Linking elements to an anchor

It is the widely practiced way in which one creates an anchor to a website element, such as an image, button or text. Once the anchor is set, this link can be pointed to any location or webpage within a site. Whenever a visitor will click the desired element, he’ll be automatically directed to the relevant service.

2. Creating an anchor menu

If your website seems bulky and loaded with rich web elements, then instead of creating several anchors, you can easily display them in an easy to navigate anchor menu. This menu will automatically follow your visitors as they scroll down a webpage. This will make the entire site navigation quite easy.

Why are anchor links great?

Anchor links are considered highly beneficial as they are meant to improve the user experience and reduce the navigation hassles. These links help visitors by skipping a website’s excessive parts that are of no use to them. In other words, a visitor can directly reach that part of a site that contains the exact answer to his queries. Particularly for mobile web users, these links can save a lot of time and prevent navigational frustration.

Where can anchor links be used?

You can place an anchor anywhere within a website. They can be effectively placed in the header or footer, in a certain paragraph or on a button element etc. The options for placing them are limitless!

Are you ready to leverage the power of anchors? Get set to start creating an anchor menu now with all these tips.



Source by Dustin Cruz

The 10 Proven Best Free Mobile Messaging Apps

Developers the world over are constantly innovating. They design and develop messaging apps that let us stay connected conveniently to each other in this fast-paced modern world. Most of these apps require you to subscribe or pay to download and install. Quite a good number though are available absolutely free-of-charge.

We are going to highlight, and briefly explain, our selection of the top ten best free mobile messaging apps as of the year 2018. These apps generally let users make free voice and video calls, share instant messages, photos, and even text messages. We hope this will help you get started hassle-free. A selection of the 10 proven best free mobile messaging Apps.

#1: WhatsApp

This is perhaps the king of mobile messaging apps. It was jointly developed by Brian Acton and Jan Kuom. The app was taken over by Facebook Inc. in February 2014. It presently boasts of over 1.5 billion total users who are spread out in over 180 countries. It is also visited by 450 million users monthly and 315 million users daily.

The app basically lets users send each other instant messages, make video and voices calls, and send free text messages among other features. It does have a payment option which, at the moment, is limited to India alone. This is the WhatsApp Pay feature. All the transactions are processed by the Unified Payments Interface.

#2: Facebook Messenger

Closely trailing WhatsApp is the Facebook Messenger. As the name suggests, it was indeed developed by and is owned by Facebook Incorporated. It boasts 1.4 billion active users as of December 2017. It is presently installed on 87.5% of all Android devices in circulation. It does have a payment option which is still in beta version at the moment.

This messaging app enables two Facebook users to chat, exchange files and photos, make video calls, and even send each other text messages. It does not require the subscribers to share their telephone contacts as each user logs in with his Facebook username.

#3: WeChat

WeChat stands apart from the top messaging apps in that it originates from the most unlikely location – China. By the close of the year 2017, it had around 963 million monthly active users. It is basically a social chatting tool that lets its users chat freely with their friends. It also has a friend-finder tool which enables you to track the location of your contacts via the GPRS functionality.

It does support a range of payment options. These include Native In-App Payments, QR Code, Quick Pay, and In-App Web-Based. Because of this, it brings along the benefit of utmost convenience to its users.

#4: Telegram

This Russian-developed instant messaging app is cloud-based. This simply means that it stores all the conversations, files, and data in a cloud. It thereafter avails this data to its users regardless of their precise locations on the globe. It grants its users the ability to send instant messages, exchange photos, files, videos, audio, and stickers.

At the moment, it has 180 million active users globally. The app has variants that are compatible with various operating systems and platforms. Among these are iOS, Android, MacOS, Windows Phone, Linux, and Windows NT.

It also has a payment option. This option basically acts as an intermediary between the end user-payer, the bot developer, and their preferred payment platform.

#5: Snapchat

In sharp contrast to other mobile messaging apps, Snapchat is multimedia. This simply means that it handles and transfers files of various formats and types. It lets users chat instantly, share files and photos, and hold live video conferencing, among others.

It had a whopping 187 million daily users as of the end of 2017. It is also available in 22 languages and is mainly popular among North American and European teens.

Other than sending each other messages, the app also allows users to send money to one another. The money is relayed by use of Square Cash’s email payment platform.

#6: Line

Unlike most other mobile messaging apps that are restricted to mobile devices, Line accommodates several electronics. It can work well via cellphones, personal computers, laptops, tablets, and smartphones. It is free-of-charge and commands an active user base of about 217 million people. It is mainly restricted to Asia though.

With this app, users can chat; make conference voice and video calls, exchange photos and stickers, and even play games! It does have a payment platform called LINE Pay. This provides a secure and trustworthy payment service.

#7: KIK

Developed by the Canadian company, KIK Interactive, this software is a freeware instant messaging mobile app. It is available free-of-charge via the iOS and Android operating systems. It is also free to operate as it utilizes your smartphone’s data plan or the Wi-Fi connectivity to send and receive mobile web pages, instant messages, videos, photos, and sketches.

In the year-ended 2017, it had 300 million active users. It is especially popular among US teens. The app launched its own digital currency called Kin. With this currency, users will be able to earn and buy items from inside the app.

#8: IMO

IMO supports and works well alongside other big instant messaging names like Yahoo!, AIM, Google Talk, Facebook Chat, and MSN Messenger. It basically lets you chat instantly with all your contacts in the aforementioned social networking sites. This saves you a great deal of time and effort as it absolves you from the need to log in to those sites separately.

Other than sending and receiving instant messages, the app also lets users make and receive video and voice calls, for free! At the end of 2017, the app had been downloaded 500 million times especially by the younger range of teenagers.

#9: Viber

Founded in 2003, this social chatting app bears several similarities with most other mobile messaging apps. It is cross-platform in that it can work well across several operating systems and platforms. Examples of these are iOS, Microsoft Windows, Android, Linux, and MacOS. It had a whopping 980 million registered users worldwide as of the year-ended 2017.

Apart from merely chatting, the app also enables its users to make phone calls to each other, absolutely free! Other than that, it also enables users to exchange media – like images and video records. It has no payment platform of its own.

#10: Kakaotalk

Closing our list of the top mobile messaging apps is this free mobile instant messaging application for smartphones. With a pretty small user base of just about 49.7 million10, this app is mainly limited to South Korea and much of Asia. It does have a bright future though as more and more people are anticipated to download it in the future.

The app is loaded with free text and free call features. It also works well across several platforms as MacOS, Bada OS, Android OS, Windows Phone, BlackBerry, Windows, and Nokia Asha.

It also comes along with KakaoPay which basically allows users to pay for certain products online using their KakaoTalk account. It also allows users to safely transfer money to their respective bank account from their Kakaotalk chat. They do this without necessarily using any of their authentication certificate or one-time-password (OTP).

Conclusion

Mobile apps for Android and iOS are indeed here to stay. Moreover, they also play a crucial role in enhancing how we connect to and share with people all around us. You just cannot afford to overlook them at all; not when you own a smartphone.

For this reason, you have to make every effort to download and install at least one of the free mobile messaging apps. The 10 best free mobile messaging apps we have identified and reviewed above will usually give you the much-needed starting point.



Source by Bob Tom